Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has a micro-resolution with a penetration depth of about 2 mm and field of view of about 10 mm. This makes OCT well suited for analyzing the anatomical and internal structural assessment of the middle ear. To study the vibratory motion of the tympanic membrane (TM) and its internal structure, we developed a phase-resolved Doppler OCT system using Kasai’s autocorrelation algorithm. Doppler optical coherence tomography is a powerful imaging tool which can offer the micro-vibratory measurement of the tympanic membrane and obtain the micrometer-resolved cross-sectional images of the sample in real-time. To observe the relative vibratory motion of individual sections (malleus, thick regions, and the thin regions of the tympanic membrane) of the tympanic membrane in respect to auditory signals, we designed an experimental study for measuring the difference in Doppler phase shift for frequencies varying from 1 to 8 kHz which were given as external stimuli to the middle ear of a small animal model. Malleus is the very first interconnecting region between the TM and cochlea. In our proposed study, we observed that the maximum change in Doppler phase shift was seen for the 4 kHz acoustic stimulus in the malleus, the thick regions, and in the thin regions of the tympanic membrane. In particular, the vibration signals were higher in the malleus in comparison to the tympanic membrane.
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