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J. Imaging 2018, 4(10), 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging4100120

In the Eye of the Deceiver: Analyzing Eye Movements as a Cue to Deception

Department of Computer Science, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Memorandumului Street 28, 400114 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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Received: 18 September 2018 / Revised: 4 October 2018 / Accepted: 12 October 2018 / Published: 16 October 2018
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Abstract

Deceit occurs in daily life and, even from an early age, children can successfully deceive their parents. Therefore, numerous book and psychological studies have been published to help people decipher the facial cues to deceit. In this study, we tackle the problem of deceit detection by analyzing eye movements: blinks, saccades and gaze direction. Recent psychological studies have shown that the non-visual saccadic eye movement rate is higher when people lie. We propose a fast and accurate framework for eye tracking and eye movement recognition and analysis. The proposed system tracks the position of the iris, as well as the eye corners (the outer shape of the eye). Next, in an offline analysis stage, the trajectory of these eye features is analyzed in order to recognize and measure various cues which can be used as an indicator of deception: the blink rate, the gaze direction and the saccadic eye movement rate. On the task of iris center localization, the method achieves within pupil localization in 91.47% of the cases. For blink localization, we obtained an accuracy of 99.3% on the difficult EyeBlink8 dataset. In addition, we proposed a novel metric, the normalized blink rate deviation to stop deceitful behavior based on blink rate. Using this metric and a simple decision stump, the deceitful answers from the Silesian Face database were recognized with an accuracy of 96.15%. View Full-Text
Keywords: blink detection; deceit; eye movements; iris center blink detection; deceit; eye movements; iris center
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Borza, D.; Itu, R.; Danescu, R. In the Eye of the Deceiver: Analyzing Eye Movements as a Cue to Deception. J. Imaging 2018, 4, 120.

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