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Review

Trunk Injection as a Tool to Deliver Plant Protection Materials—An Overview of Basic Principles and Practical Considerations

1
Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Immokalee, FL 34142, USA
2
Tropical Research and Education Center, Horticultural Sciences Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Homestead, FL 33031, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giovanni Bubici
Horticulturae 2022, 8(6), 552; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8060552
Received: 31 May 2022 / Revised: 15 June 2022 / Accepted: 16 June 2022 / Published: 19 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Pathology and Disease Management (PPDM))
Trunk injection is a targeted delivery of pesticides, insecticides, nutrients, or other plant protection materials into the stem or trunk of woody plants as an alternative to spraying or soil drenching. Trunk injection has historically been used for disease and pest management of high-value forest tree species or ornamental plants when aerial applications are problematic due to spatial problems and health-related concerns. An interest in using the injection technique for protection of agricultural crops in commercial production systems has emerged more recently, where foliar applications and soil drenches have proven ineffective or pose environmental hazards. This review provides an overview of the basic principles of trunk injection and the plant physiological implications, its current use in commercial agriculture and other plant systems, and associated risks. View Full-Text
Keywords: horticultural crops; crop protection; endotherapy; chemotherapy; systemic delivery horticultural crops; crop protection; endotherapy; chemotherapy; systemic delivery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Archer, L.; Crane, J.H.; Albrecht, U. Trunk Injection as a Tool to Deliver Plant Protection Materials—An Overview of Basic Principles and Practical Considerations. Horticulturae 2022, 8, 552. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8060552

AMA Style

Archer L, Crane JH, Albrecht U. Trunk Injection as a Tool to Deliver Plant Protection Materials—An Overview of Basic Principles and Practical Considerations. Horticulturae. 2022; 8(6):552. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8060552

Chicago/Turabian Style

Archer, Leigh, Jonathan H. Crane, and Ute Albrecht. 2022. "Trunk Injection as a Tool to Deliver Plant Protection Materials—An Overview of Basic Principles and Practical Considerations" Horticulturae 8, no. 6: 552. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8060552

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