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Open AccessArticle

TEM Nano-Moiré Pattern Analysis of a Copper/Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposite Synthesized by Laser Surface Implanting

by Jay F. Tu 1,2
1
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8501, USA
2
Department of Engineering Science, University West, 46129 Trollhättan, Sweden
Received: 24 January 2018 / Revised: 6 March 2018 / Accepted: 16 March 2018 / Published: 20 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transmission Electron Microscopy and Carbon Materials)
In our previous studies, we have developed a wet process to synthesize a copper-single walled carbon nanotube (Cu–SWCNT) metal nanocomposite with excellent mechanical properties. The nanostructure of this Cu–SWCNT composite was confirmed independently by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy mapping, spectroscopy measurements, and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) images with discernable SWCNT clusters in nano sizes. However, TEM images with discernable nano-sized SWCNT clusters are rare. In this paper, we present analysis of indirect TEM image patterns, such as moiré fringes, to infer the existence of SWCNT clusters within the copper matrix. Moiré fringes or patterns in the TEM images of a Cu–SWCNT nanocomposite could be generated due to the overlapping of more than one thin crystals with similar periodic arrangements of atoms, promoted by SWCNT clusters. However, the presence of moiré patterns is not a sufficient or a necessary condition for the existence of SWCNT clusters. It was found that based on the overlapping angle of two periodic arrangements, it is feasible to distinguish the moiré fringes induced by SWCNT clusters from those by other factors, such as dislocations. The ability to identify SWCNTs within the copper matrix based on indirect TEM moiré patterns helps to widen the usability of TEM images. View Full-Text
Keywords: TEM diffraction analysis; carbon; nanotubes; SWCNT; nanocomposite; laser surface implanting; moiré fringes; copper; overlapping angle TEM diffraction analysis; carbon; nanotubes; SWCNT; nanocomposite; laser surface implanting; moiré fringes; copper; overlapping angle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tu, J.F. TEM Nano-Moiré Pattern Analysis of a Copper/Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposite Synthesized by Laser Surface Implanting. C 2018, 4, 19.

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