Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are of multifactorial origin and can be attributed to several genetic and environmental components. CVDs are the leading cause of mortality worldwide and they primarily damage the heart and the vascular system. Non-coding RNA (ncRNA) refers to functional RNA molecules, which have been transcribed into DNA but do not further get translated into proteins. Recent transcriptomic studies have identified the presence of thousands of ncRNA molecules across species. In humans, less than 2% of the total genome represents the protein-coding genes. While the role of many ncRNAs is yet to be ascertained, some long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) have been associated with disease progression, serving as useful diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. A plethora of data repositories specialized in ncRNAs have been developed over the years using publicly available high-throughput data from next-generation sequencing and other approaches, that cover various facets of ncRNA research like basic and functional annotation, expressional profile, structural and molecular changes, and interaction with other biomolecules. Here, we provide a compendium of the current ncRNA databases relevant to cardiovascular research.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited