Experimental Measurement of Steady and Transient Liquid Coiling with High-Speed Video and Digital Image Processing
AbstractLiquid coiling occurs as a viscous fluid flows into a stagnant reservoir causing a localized accumulation of settling material, which coils into a stack as it accumulates. These coiling flows are broadly characterized into three primary coiling regimes of viscous, gravitational, or inertial coiling, based on the velocity of the falling fluid, the height of the fall, the radius of the fluid rope, the stack height, and the fluid properties including viscosity. A computer-controlled flow delivery apparatus was developed here to produce precisely controlled flow conditions to study steady and transitional coiling regimes with independently varied parameters. Data were recorded using high-speed digital video cameras and a purpose-built digital image processing routine to extract rope and stack dimensions as well as time-resolved coiling frequency. The precision of the setup and data analysis methods allowed a detailed study of the transition between gravitational and inertial flow regimes. The results show a smooth transition between the regimes, with no evidence of the inertial-gravitational regime. Unsteady coiling was able to be momentarily produced by applying a perturbation to the system, but the unstable regime quickly decayed to either the base inertial or gravitational regime. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Mier, F.A.; Bhakta, R.; Castano, N.; Garcia, J.; Hargather, M.J. Experimental Measurement of Steady and Transient Liquid Coiling with High-Speed Video and Digital Image Processing. Fluids 2018, 3, 107.
Mier FA, Bhakta R, Castano N, Garcia J, Hargather MJ. Experimental Measurement of Steady and Transient Liquid Coiling with High-Speed Video and Digital Image Processing. Fluids. 2018; 3(4):107.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mier, Frank A.; Bhakta, Raj; Castano, Nicolas; Garcia, John; Hargather, Michael J. 2018. "Experimental Measurement of Steady and Transient Liquid Coiling with High-Speed Video and Digital Image Processing." Fluids 3, no. 4: 107.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.