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Open AccessArticle

Space and Vine Cultivar Interact to Determine the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Community Composition

1
Department of Animal Biology, Plant Biology and Ecology, Universidad de Jaén, E23071 Jaén, Spain
2
Department of Biology, Universitat de les Illes Balears, E07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Fungi 2020, 6(4), 317; https://doi.org/10.3390/jof6040317
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 24 November 2020 / Accepted: 24 November 2020 / Published: 27 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Endophytes in Agriculture and Ecosystems)
The interest in the use of microbes as biofertilizers is increasing in recent years as the demands for sustainable cropping systems become more pressing. Although very widely used as biofertilizers, arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal associations with specific crops have received little attention and knowledge is limited, especially in the case of vineyards. In this study, the AM fungal community associated with soil and roots of a vineyard on Mallorca Island, Spain was characterized by DNA sequencing to resolve the relative importance of grape variety on their diversity and composition. Overall, soil contained a wider AM fungal diversity than plant roots, and this was found at both taxonomic and phylogenetic levels. The major effect on community composition was associated with sample type, either root or soil material, with a significant effect for the variety of the grape. This effect interacted with the spatial distribution of the plants. Such an interaction revealed a hierarchical effect of abiotic and biotic factors in shaping the composition of AM fungal communities. Our results have direct implications for the understanding of plant-fungal assemblages and the potential functional differences across plants in vineyard cropping. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vitis vinifera; mycobiome; massive DNA sequencing; community assembly; spatial effects; environmental filtering Vitis vinifera; mycobiome; massive DNA sequencing; community assembly; spatial effects; environmental filtering
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MDPI and ACS Style

López-García, Á.; Jurado-Rivera, J.A.; Bota, J.; Cifre, J.; Baraza, E. Space and Vine Cultivar Interact to Determine the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Community Composition. J. Fungi 2020, 6, 317. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof6040317

AMA Style

López-García Á, Jurado-Rivera JA, Bota J, Cifre J, Baraza E. Space and Vine Cultivar Interact to Determine the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Community Composition. Journal of Fungi. 2020; 6(4):317. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof6040317

Chicago/Turabian Style

López-García, Álvaro; Jurado-Rivera, José A.; Bota, Josefina; Cifre, Josep; Baraza, Elena. 2020. "Space and Vine Cultivar Interact to Determine the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Community Composition" J. Fungi 6, no. 4: 317. https://doi.org/10.3390/jof6040317

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