Invasive Candidiasis in Infants and Children: Recent Advances in Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment
AbstractThis paper reviews recent advances in three selected areas of pediatric invasive candidiasis: epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Although the epidemiological trends of pediatric invasive candidiasis illustrate a declining incidence, this infection still carries a heavy burden of mortality and morbidity that warrants a high index of clinical suspicion, the need for rapid diagnostic systems, and the early initiation of antifungal therapy. The development of non-culture-based technologies, such as the T2Candida system and (1→3)-β-d-glucan detection assay, offers the potential for early laboratory detection of candidemia and CNS candidiasis, respectively. Among the complications of disseminated candidiasis in infants and children, hematogenous disseminated Candida meningoencephalitis (HCME) is an important cause of neurological morbidity. Detection of (1→3)-β-d-glucan in cerebrospinal fluid serves as an early diagnostic indicator and an important biomarker of therapeutic response. The recently reported pharmacokinetic data of liposomal amphotericin B in children demonstrate dose–exposure relationships similar to those in adults. The recently completed randomized clinical trial of micafungin versus deoxycholate amphotericin B in the treatment of neonatal candidemia provides further safety data for an echinocandin in this clinical setting. View Full-Text
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Walsh, T.J.; Katragkou, A.; Chen, T.; Salvatore, C.M.; Roilides, E. Invasive Candidiasis in Infants and Children: Recent Advances in Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. J. Fungi 2019, 5, 11.
Walsh TJ, Katragkou A, Chen T, Salvatore CM, Roilides E. Invasive Candidiasis in Infants and Children: Recent Advances in Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Journal of Fungi. 2019; 5(1):11.Chicago/Turabian Style
Walsh, Thomas J.; Katragkou, Aspasia; Chen, Tempe; Salvatore, Christine M.; Roilides, Emmanuel. 2019. "Invasive Candidiasis in Infants and Children: Recent Advances in Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment." J. Fungi 5, no. 1: 11.
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