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J. Fungi 2018, 4(3), 90;

Therapy of Mucormycosis

Pathophysiology Department, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Mikras Asias 75, 115 27 Athens, Greece
Department of Infectious Diseases, Infection Control and Employee Health, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 July 2018 / Revised: 28 July 2018 / Accepted: 30 July 2018 / Published: 31 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Treatments for Fungal Infections)
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Despite the recent introduction of mold-active agents (posaconazole and isavuconazole), in addition to amphotericin B products, to our armamentarium against mucormycosis, many uncertainties remain for the management of this uncommon opportunistic infection, as there are no data from prospective randomized clinical trials to guide therapy. In this mini-review, we present the current status of treatment options. In view of the heterogeneity of the disease (different types of affected hosts, sites of infection, and infecting Mucorales), mucormycosis management requires an individualized management plan that takes into account the net state of immunosuppression of the host, including comorbidities, certainty of diagnosis, site of infection, and antifungal pharmacological properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: mucormycosis; treatment; amphotericin B; posaconazole; isavuconazole; surgery; leukemia; stem cell transplantation mucormycosis; treatment; amphotericin B; posaconazole; isavuconazole; surgery; leukemia; stem cell transplantation

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Sipsas, N.V.; Gamaletsou, M.N.; Anastasopoulou, A.; Kontoyiannis, D.P. Therapy of Mucormycosis. J. Fungi 2018, 4, 90.

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