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Microsporidiosis in Vertebrate Companion Exotic Animals

Zoological medicine service, Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200 Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC J2S2M2, Canada
Clinique Vétérinaire Benjamin Franklin, 38 rue du Danemark, ZA Porte Océane, 56400 Brech, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Zhi-Yuan Chen
J. Fungi 2016, 2(1), 3;
Received: 13 October 2015 / Revised: 7 December 2015 / Accepted: 18 December 2015 / Published: 24 December 2015
PDF [510 KB, uploaded 24 December 2015]


Veterinarians caring for companion animals may encounter microsporidia in various host species, and diagnosis and treatment of these fungal organisms can be particularly challenging. Fourteen microsporidial species have been reported to infect humans and some of them are zoonotic; however, to date, direct zoonotic transmission is difficult to document versus transit through the digestive tract. In this context, summarizing information available about microsporidiosis of companion exotic animals is relevant due to the proximity of these animals to their owners. Diagnostic modalities and therapeutic challenges are reviewed by taxa. Further studies are needed to better assess risks associated with animal microsporidia for immunosuppressed owners and to improve detection and treatment of infected companion animals. View Full-Text
Keywords: microsporidia; Encephalitozoon; Pleistophora; albendazole; fenbendazole microsporidia; Encephalitozoon; Pleistophora; albendazole; fenbendazole

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Vergneau-Grosset, C.; Larrat, S. Microsporidiosis in Vertebrate Companion Exotic Animals. J. Fungi 2016, 2, 3.

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J. Fungi EISSN 2309-608X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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