What Is the Heart? Anatomy, Function, Pathophysiology, and Misconceptions
AbstractCardiac dynamics are traditionally linked to a left ventricle, right ventricle, and septum morphology, a topography that differs from the heart’s five-century-old anatomic description of containing a helix and circumferential wrap architectural configuration. Torrent Guasp’s helical ventricular myocardial band (HVMB) defines this anatomy and its structure, and explains why the heart’s six dynamic actions of narrowing, shortening, lengthening, widening, twisting, and uncoiling happen. The described structural findings will raise questions about deductions guiding “accepted cardiac mechanics”, and their functional aspects will challenge and overturn them. These suppositions include the LV, RV, and septum description, timing of mitral valve opening, isovolumic relaxation period, reasons for torsion/twisting, untwisting, reasons for longitudinal and circumferential strain, echocardiographic sub segmentation, resynchronization, RV function dynamics, diastolic dysfunction’s cause, and unrecognized septum impairment. Torrent Guasp’s revolutionary contributions may alter future understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac disease. View Full-Text
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Buckberg, G.D.; Nanda, N.C.; Nguyen, C.; Kocica, M.J. What Is the Heart? Anatomy, Function, Pathophysiology, and Misconceptions. J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2018, 5, 33.
Buckberg GD, Nanda NC, Nguyen C, Kocica MJ. What Is the Heart? Anatomy, Function, Pathophysiology, and Misconceptions. Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease. 2018; 5(2):33.Chicago/Turabian Style
Buckberg, Gerald D.; Nanda, Navin C.; Nguyen, Christopher; Kocica, Mladen J. 2018. "What Is the Heart? Anatomy, Function, Pathophysiology, and Misconceptions." J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 5, no. 2: 33.
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