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Review

Wearable Devices for Physical Activity and Healthcare Monitoring in Elderly People: A Critical Review

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Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health, and Leisure (CIAFEL), Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
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Faculty of Psychology, Education and Sports, Lusófona University of Porto, 4000-098 Porto, Portugal
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Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
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Laboratory for Integrative and Translational Research in Population Health (ITR), 4050-600 Porto, Portugal
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Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), University Institute of Maia, 4475-690 Maia, Portugal
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EPIUnit—Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, 4050-091 Porto, Portugal
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Northern Region Health Administration, 4000-477 Porto, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Phyo Kyaw Myint
Geriatrics 2021, 6(2), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6020038
Received: 28 February 2021 / Revised: 25 March 2021 / Accepted: 2 April 2021 / Published: 7 April 2021
The availability of wearable devices (WDs) to collect biometric information and their use during activities of daily living is significantly increasing in the general population. These small electronic devices, which record fitness and health-related outcomes, have been broadly utilized in industries such as medicine, healthcare, and fitness. Since they are simple to use and progressively cheaper, they have also been used for numerous research purposes. However, despite their increasing popularity, most of these WDs do not accurately measure the proclaimed outcomes. In fact, research is equivocal about whether they are valid and reliable methods to specifically evaluate physical activity and health-related outcomes in older adults, since they are mostly designed and produced considering younger subjects’ physical and mental characteristics. Additionally, their constant evolution through continuous upgrades and redesigned versions, suggests the need for constant up-to-date reviews and research. Accordingly, this article aims to scrutinize the state-of-the-art scientific evidence about the usefulness of WDs, specifically on older adults, to monitor physical activity and health-related outcomes. This critical review not only aims to inform older consumers but also aid researchers in study design when selecting physical activity and healthcare monitoring devices for elderly people. View Full-Text
Keywords: sensors; technology; exercise; steeps; bone; cardiovascular; diabetes; cognitive function; sleep sensors; technology; exercise; steeps; bone; cardiovascular; diabetes; cognitive function; sleep
MDPI and ACS Style

Teixeira, E.; Fonseca, H.; Diniz-Sousa, F.; Veras, L.; Boppre, G.; Oliveira, J.; Pinto, D.; Alves, A.J.; Barbosa, A.; Mendes, R.; Marques-Aleixo, I. Wearable Devices for Physical Activity and Healthcare Monitoring in Elderly People: A Critical Review. Geriatrics 2021, 6, 38. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6020038

AMA Style

Teixeira E, Fonseca H, Diniz-Sousa F, Veras L, Boppre G, Oliveira J, Pinto D, Alves AJ, Barbosa A, Mendes R, Marques-Aleixo I. Wearable Devices for Physical Activity and Healthcare Monitoring in Elderly People: A Critical Review. Geriatrics. 2021; 6(2):38. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6020038

Chicago/Turabian Style

Teixeira, Eduardo, Hélder Fonseca, Florêncio Diniz-Sousa, Lucas Veras, Giorjines Boppre, José Oliveira, Diogo Pinto, Alberto J. Alves, Ana Barbosa, Romeu Mendes, and Inês Marques-Aleixo. 2021. "Wearable Devices for Physical Activity and Healthcare Monitoring in Elderly People: A Critical Review" Geriatrics 6, no. 2: 38. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics6020038

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