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Geriatrics 2018, 3(3), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics3030035

Associations between Religiosity, Spirituality, and Happiness among Adults Living with Neurological Illness

1
Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
2
Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine & Research Institute, Roanoke, VA 24016, USA
3
Department of Neurology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
4
Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2018 / Revised: 20 June 2018 / Accepted: 20 June 2018 / Published: 23 June 2018
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Abstract

The study examined the associations between religiosity, spirituality, and happiness in 354 outpatients suffering from neurological disorders. After accounting for severity of cognitive decline, physical activity level, depression severity, and demographic variables (i.e., subject age, sex, ethnicity, and marital status) multivariate linear regression revealed a unique association between the Spiritual Well-Being Existential Spirituality scale (SWBS ES), and not the SWBS Religious Scale (SWBS RS), with both the Pemberton Remembered Happiness Index (PHI R) (p < 0.001), and the Pemberton Experienced Happiness Index (PHI E) (p < 0.001). Interventions focused on existential spirituality may improve health related quality of life among adult medical patients with neurological illness. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychological adjustment; happiness; spiritual well-being; neurological illness psychological adjustment; happiness; spiritual well-being; neurological illness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wade, J.B.; Hayes, R.B.; Wade, J.H.; Bekenstein, J.W.; Williams, K.D.; Bajaj, J.S. Associations between Religiosity, Spirituality, and Happiness among Adults Living with Neurological Illness. Geriatrics 2018, 3, 35.

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