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Vet. Sci. 2018, 5(2), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci5020037

The Nothoaspis amazoniensis Complete Mitogenome: A Comparative and Phylogenetic Analysis

1
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, Federal University of Vicosa, Vicosa 36570-900, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
2
Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Amazonas, Manaus 69020-120, State of Amazonas, Brazil
3
Biomolecules Analysis Center, Federal University of Vicosa, Vicosa 36570-900, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
4
Multidisciplinary Center of Luís Eduardo Magalhães, Federal University of West of Bahia, Luís Eduardo Magalhães 47850-000, State of Bahia, Brazil
5
Center for Research in Biological Sciences, Federal University of Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto 35400-000, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
6
Animal Biology Department, Federal University of Vicosa, Manaus 69020-120, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
7
Department of Veterinary Parasitology, University of the Republic, Montevideo11200, Uruguay
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2018 / Revised: 22 March 2018 / Accepted: 23 March 2018 / Published: 27 March 2018
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Abstract

The molecular biology era, together with morphology, molecular phylogenetics, bioinformatics, and high-throughput sequencing technologies, improved the taxonomic identification of Argasidae family members, especially when considering specimens at different development stages, which remains a great difficulty for acarologists. These tools could provide important data and insights on the history and evolutionary relationships of argasids. To better understand these relationships, we sequenced and assembled the first complete mitochondrial genome of Nothoaspis amazoniensis. We used phylogenomics to identify the evolutionary history of this species of tick, comparing the data obtained with 26 complete mitochondrial sequences available in biological databases. The results demonstrated the absence of genetic rearrangements, high similarity and identity, and a close organizational link between the mitogenomes of N. amazoniensis and other argasids analyzed. In addition, the mitogenome had a monophyletic cladistic taxonomic arrangement, encompassed by representatives of the Afrotropical and Neotropical regions, with specific parasitism in bats, which may be indicative of an evolutionary process of cospeciation between vectors and the host. View Full-Text
Keywords: argasids; Nothoaspis amazoniensis; ticks; phylogenomic; taxonomic arrangement; mitogenome argasids; Nothoaspis amazoniensis; ticks; phylogenomic; taxonomic arrangement; mitogenome
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Lima, P.H.C.; Vidigal, P.M.P.; Barcelos, R.M.; Klein, R.C.; Montandon, C.E.; Fabres-Klein, M.H.; Dergam, J.A.; Venzal, J.M.; Mafra, C. The Nothoaspis amazoniensis Complete Mitogenome: A Comparative and Phylogenetic Analysis. Vet. Sci. 2018, 5, 37.

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