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Dataset Documenting the Interactions of Biochar with Manure, Soil, and Plants: Towards Improved Sustainability of Animal and Crop Agriculture

1
Department of Horticulture, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
2
Department of Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
3
Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
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Department of Biological Sciences, Minnesota State University, Mankato, MN 50011, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jamal Jokar Arsanjani
Received: 1 February 2022 / Revised: 24 February 2022 / Accepted: 25 February 2022 / Published: 2 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Spatial Data Science and Digital Earth)
Plant and animal agriculture is a part of a larger system where the environment, soil, water, and nutrient management interact. Biochar (a pyrolyzed biomass) has been shown to affect the single components of this complex system positively. Biochar is a soil amendment, which has been documented for its benefits as a soil enhancer particularly to increase soil carbon, improve soil fertility, and better nutrient retention. These effects have been documented in the literature. Still, there is a need for a broader examination of these single components and effects that aims at the complementarity and synergy attainable with biochar and the animal and crop-production system. Thus, we report a comprehensive dataset documenting the interactions of biochar with manure, soil, and plants. We evaluated three biochars mixed with manure alongside both manure and soil controls for improvement in soil quality, reduction in nutrient movement, and increase in plant nutrient availability. We explain the experiments and the dataset that contains the physicochemical properties of each biochar–manure mixture, the physicochemical properties of soil amended with each biochar–manure mixture, and the biomass and nutrient information of plants grown in biochar–manure mixture-amended soil. This dataset is useful for continued research examining both the short- and long-term effects of biochar–manure mixtures on both plant and soil systems. In addition, these data will be beneficial to extend the findings to field settings for practical and realized gains. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon cycling; nutrient cycling; soil amendment; manure; biochar; corn; maize; soybeans; fertilizer carbon cycling; nutrient cycling; soil amendment; manure; biochar; corn; maize; soybeans; fertilizer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bonds, D.; Koziel, J.A.; De, M.; Chen, B.; Singh, A.K.; Licht, M.A. Dataset Documenting the Interactions of Biochar with Manure, Soil, and Plants: Towards Improved Sustainability of Animal and Crop Agriculture. Data 2022, 7, 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/data7030032

AMA Style

Bonds D, Koziel JA, De M, Chen B, Singh AK, Licht MA. Dataset Documenting the Interactions of Biochar with Manure, Soil, and Plants: Towards Improved Sustainability of Animal and Crop Agriculture. Data. 2022; 7(3):32. https://doi.org/10.3390/data7030032

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bonds, Darcy, Jacek A. Koziel, Mriganka De, Baitong Chen, Asheesh K. Singh, and Mark A. Licht. 2022. "Dataset Documenting the Interactions of Biochar with Manure, Soil, and Plants: Towards Improved Sustainability of Animal and Crop Agriculture" Data 7, no. 3: 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/data7030032

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