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Transcriptional Profiles of Secondary Metabolite Biosynthesis Genes and Cytochromes in the Leaves of Four Papaver Species

1
Genomics Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science, RDA, 370, Nongsaengmyeong-ro, Wansan-gu, Jeonju-si, Jeollabuk-do 54874, Korea
2
Research and Development Center, Insilicogen Inc., Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 16954, Korea
3
Department of Forest Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
4
Korean Medicine Clinical Trial Center (K-CTC), Kyung Hee University Korean Medicine Hospital, Seoul 02447, Korea
5
KHU-KIST Department of Converging Science & Technology, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea
6
Department of Biological Sciences, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this study.
Received: 22 October 2018 / Revised: 26 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 November 2018 / Published: 28 November 2018
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Abstract

Poppies are well-known plants in the family Papaveraceae that are rich in alkaloids. This family contains 61 species, and in this study we sequenced the transcriptomes of four species’ (Papaver rhoeas, Papaver nudicaule, Papaver fauriei, and Papaver somniferum) leaves. These transcripts were systematically assessed for the expression of secondary metabolite biosynthesis (SMB) genes and cytochromes, and their expression profiles were assessed for use in bioinformatics analyses. This study contributed 265 Gb (13 libraries with three biological replicates) of leaf transcriptome data from three Papaver plant developmental stages. Sequenced transcripts were assembled into 815 Mb of contigs, including 226 Mb of full-length transcripts. The transcripts for 53 KEGG pathways, 55 cytochrome superfamilies, and benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis (BIA) were identified and compared to four other alkaloid-rich genomes. Additionally, 22 different alkaloids and their relative expression profiles in three developmental stages of Papaver species were assessed by targeted metabolomics using LC-QTOF-MS/MS. Collectively, the results are given in co-occurrence heat-maps to help researchers obtain an overview of the transcripts and their differential expression in the Papaver development life cycle, particularly in leaves. Moreover, this dataset will be a valuable resource to derive hypotheses to mitigate an array of Papaver developmental and secondary metabolite biosynthesis issues in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: Papaver; transcriptome; cytochromes; alkaloids; sequencing Papaver; transcriptome; cytochromes; alkaloids; sequencing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Kim, D.; Jung, M.; Ha, I.J.; Lee, M.Y.; Lee, S.-G.; Shin, Y.; Subramaniyam, S.; Oh, J. Transcriptional Profiles of Secondary Metabolite Biosynthesis Genes and Cytochromes in the Leaves of Four Papaver Species. Data 2018, 3, 55.

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