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Biosynthesis of Polyhydroxyalkanoate from Steamed Soybean Wastewater by a Recombinant Strain of Pseudomonas sp. 61-3

Department of Food and Health Sciences, Faculty of Environmental and Symbiotic Sciences, Prefectural University of Kumamoto, Kumamoto 862-8502, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Martin Koller
Bioengineering 2017, 4(3), 68;
Received: 12 May 2017 / Revised: 3 August 2017 / Accepted: 4 August 2017 / Published: 8 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) Production)
PDF [221 KB, uploaded 17 August 2017]


Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 accumulates a blend of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] homopolymer and a random copolymer, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyalkanoate) [P(3HB-co-3HA)], consisting of 3HA units of 4–12 carbon atoms. Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 possesses two types of PHA synthases, PHB synthase (PhbC) and PHA synthases (PhaC1 and PhaC2), encoded by the phb and pha loci, respectively. The P(94 mol% 3HB-co-6 mol% 3HA) copolymer synthesized by the recombinant strain of Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 (phbC::tet) harboring additional copies of phaC1 gene is known to have desirable physical properties and to be a flexible material with moderate toughness, similar to low-density polyethylene. In this study, we focused on the production of the P(3HB-co-3HA) copolymer using steamed soybean wastewater, a by-product in brewing miso, which is a traditional Japanese seasoning. The steamed soybean wastewater was spray-dried to produce a powder (SWP) and used as the sole nitrogen source for the synthesis of P(3HB-co-3HA) by the Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 recombinant strain. Hydrolyzed SWP (HSWP) was also used as a carbon and nitrogen source. P(3HB-co-3HA)s with relatively high 3HB fractions could be synthesized by a recombinant strain of Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 (phbC::tet) harboring additional copies of the phaC1 gene in the presence of 2% glucose and 10–20 g/L SWP as the sole nitrogen source, producing a PHA concentration of 1.0–1.4 g/L. When HSWP was added to a nitrogen- and carbon-free medium, the recombinant strain could synthesize PHA without glucose as a carbon source. The recombinant strain accumulated 32 wt% P(3HB-co-3HA) containing 80 mol% 3HB and 20 mol% medium-chain-length 3HA with a PHA concentration of 1.0 g/L when 50 g/L of HSWP was used. The PHA production yield was estimated as 20 mg-PHA/g-HSWP, which equates to approximately 1.0 g-PHA per liter of soybean wastewater. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyhydroxyalkanoate; PHA; copolymer; soybean wastewater polyhydroxyalkanoate; PHA; copolymer; soybean wastewater
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Hokamura, A.; Yunoue, Y.; Goto, S.; Matsusaki, H. Biosynthesis of Polyhydroxyalkanoate from Steamed Soybean Wastewater by a Recombinant Strain of Pseudomonas sp. 61-3. Bioengineering 2017, 4, 68.

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