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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Concentration on Amine-Modified Kenaf as a Sorbent for Carbon Dioxide Adsorption in a Pressure Swing Adsorption System

Shizen Conversion and Separation Technology ikohza (SHIZEN), Department of Chemical Process Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology (MJIIT), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Kuala Lumpur 54100, Malaysia
Department of Energy Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering (FCEE), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ChemEngineering 2018, 2(2), 23;
Received: 12 March 2018 / Revised: 13 April 2018 / Accepted: 10 May 2018 / Published: 21 May 2018
Amongst the strategies applicable for CO2 capture and sequestration, the adsorption process has a high potential to be applied as an alternative CO2 separation strategy as it offers large adsorption capacity, requires low energy for regeneration with economical equipment cost, prevents corrosion problems, and provides ease of applicability. Inspired by the most applicable amine-based chemical absorption for CO2 capture, the modification of adsorbent by amine was first considered and then investigated. This study introduces kenaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus L.) as a potential low-cost material in evaluating the effect of amine functional group concentrations on CO2 adsorption capacity. Monoethanolamine (MEA) and tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) were impregnated on kenaf via a wetness impregnation method to achieve the aim. The ratios of amine to kenaf were varied at 1:2, 7:10, 1:1, 2:1, 5:1, 7:1, and 10:1. Then, the prepared amine-modified kenaf core sorbent was characterized using different morphology and structural characterization techniques such as a field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) analyzer and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Results obtained through the analyses showed that amine (MEA and TEPA) were successfully impregnated on the kenaf core surfaces, and that amine concentrations have a significant effect on the morphological structures of the kenaf core support. The study on CO2 adsorption capacity was conducted in a pressure swing adsorption system (PSA). Results revealed that the highest CO2 adsorption capacity for MEA-modified kenaf adsorbent was achieved at an amine to kenaf ratio of 1:1 (2.070 mmol/g), while for TEPA-modified kenaf adsorbent at a ratio of 2:1 (2.086 mmol/g). The study on the effect of amine concentration on kenaf adsorbent is beneficial in introducing kenaf as a sorbent in capturing CO2. View Full-Text
Keywords: kenaf; CO2; adsorption; amine; impregnation; PSA kenaf; CO2; adsorption; amine; impregnation; PSA
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Zaini, N.; Kamarudin, K.S.N. Effect of Concentration on Amine-Modified Kenaf as a Sorbent for Carbon Dioxide Adsorption in a Pressure Swing Adsorption System. ChemEngineering 2018, 2, 23.

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