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Green Nanotechnology: Advancement in Phytoformulation Research

1
Pharmaceutical Sciences Laboratory, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, 20520 Turku, Finland
2
CT Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jalandhar 144020, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicines 2019, 6(1), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines6010039
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 12 February 2019 / Accepted: 2 March 2019 / Published: 14 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanoparticle and Liposome based Novel Drug Delivery Systems)
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Abstract

The ultimate goal of any scientific development is to increase well-being and human health. Novel strategies are required for the achievement of safe and effective therapeutic treatments beyond the conventional ones, and society needs new requirements for new technologies, moving towards clean and green technology development. Green nanotechnology is a branch of green technology that utilizes the concepts of green chemistry and green engineering. It reduces the use of energy and fuel by using less material and renewable inputs wherever possible. Green nanotechnology, in phytoformulations, significantly contributes to environmental sustainability through the production of nanomaterials and nanoproducts, without causing harm to human health or the environment. The rationale behind the utilization of plants in nanoparticle formulations is that they are easily available and possess a broad variability of metabolites, such as vitamins, antioxidants, and nucleotides. For instance, gold (Au) nanoparticles have attracted substantial attention for their controllable size, shape, and surface properties. A variety of copper (Cu) and copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticles have also been synthesized from plant extracts. Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles are also important metal oxide nanomaterials that have been synthesized from a number of plant extracts. International and domestic laws, government and private-party programs, regulations and policies are being carefully reviewed and revised to increase their utility and nurture these nanoscale materials for commercialization. Inspiring debates and government initiatives are required to promote the sustainable use of nanoscale products. In this review, we will discuss the potential of the utilization of plant extracts in the advancement of nanotechnology. View Full-Text
Keywords: green nanotechnology; phytoformulations; green engineering; gold (Au) nanoparticles; nanoproducts green nanotechnology; phytoformulations; green engineering; gold (Au) nanoparticles; nanoproducts
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Verma, A.; Gautam, S.P.; Bansal, K.K.; Prabhakar, N.; Rosenholm, J.M. Green Nanotechnology: Advancement in Phytoformulation Research. Medicines 2019, 6, 39.

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