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Medicinal Plants Used in the Ejisu-Juaben Municipality, Southern Ghana: An Ethnobotanical Study

1
United Graduate School, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwaicho, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan
2
Department of International and Environmental Agriculture Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwaicho, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan
3
Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG 64 Legon, Accra, Ghana
4
Department of Crop Science, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG 44 Legon, Accra, Ghana
5
Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwaicho, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicines 2019, 6(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines6010001
Received: 20 November 2018 / Revised: 10 December 2018 / Accepted: 12 December 2018 / Published: 20 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant-Derived Medicines and Biological Activity Evaluation)
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Abstract

Background: The in-depth traditional knowledge of medicinal plants is at risk of extinction due to the dependency on oral transmission, and as such, there is an urgent need to document such knowledge. This study aimed to document indigenous uses of medicinal plants among community members in the Ejisu-Juaben Municipality. Methods: Data was collected in 2016 from community members and local herbalists in the Ejisu-Juaben Municipality through a semi-structured questionnaire. Statistical tools and ethnobotanical indices, i.e., informant consensus factor (ICF), fidelity level (FL), and use value (UV) were used to analyse the data. Results: One hundred and six medicinal plants belonging to 45 families were reported to cure 68 different human diseases. The most frequently used plant part in this study was the leaves (52%). Decoction (57.5%) and oral administration (58.3%) were the most utilised herbal preparation and administration route respectively. Cleistopholis patens had the highest UV (0.54) with pain & fevers and skin diseases having the highest ICF values (0.88 and 0.85 respectively). Furthermore, new medicinal uses of Hilleria latifolia and ten other species were recorded for the treatment of the traditional local disease, aseram. Conclusions: The current knowledge and uses of medicinal plants are still high in the study area based on the high degree of consensus among informants. This study could allow for the preservation of knowledge and biodiversity of medicinal plants, both of which are threatened with extinction. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethnobotanical survey; medicinal plants; Ejisu-Juaben municipality; indigenous knowledge; informant consensus factor; fidelity level ethnobotanical survey; medicinal plants; Ejisu-Juaben municipality; indigenous knowledge; informant consensus factor; fidelity level
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Appiah, K.S.; Oppong, C.P.; Mardani, H.K.; Omari, R.A.; Kpabitey, S.; Amoatey, C.A.; Onwona-Agyeman, S.; Oikawa, Y.; Katsura, K.; Fujii, Y. Medicinal Plants Used in the Ejisu-Juaben Municipality, Southern Ghana: An Ethnobotanical Study. Medicines 2019, 6, 1.

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