Next Article in Journal
Comparison of Neurological Function in Males and Females from Two Substrains of C57BL/6 Mice
Next Article in Special Issue
Modeling Short-Term Maximum Individual Exposure from Airborne Hazardous Releases in Urban Environments. Part I: Validation of a Deterministic Model with Field Experimental Data
Previous Article in Journal
Developmental Neurotoxicity of 3,3',4,4'-Tetrachloroazobenzene with Thyroxine Deficit: Sensitivity of Glia and Dentate Granule Neurons in the Absence of Behavioral Changes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Environmental Risk Communication through Qualitative Risk Assessment
Open AccessConcept Paper

A Pathway to Linking Risk and Sustainability Assessments

by Stephen H. Linder 1,*,† and Ken Sexton 2,†
Institute for Health Policy, Division of Management, Policy and Community Health, The University of Texas School of Public Health, 1200 Pressler, E-1023, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Division of Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences, The University of Texas School of Public Health, Brownsville Regional Campus, Fort Brown Road, RAHC, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Toxics 2014, 2(4), 533-550;
Received: 22 November 2013 / Revised: 20 August 2014 / Accepted: 14 October 2014 / Published: 28 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Risk Assessment of Environmental Contaminants)
The US National Research Council recently released a report promoting sustainability assessment as the future of environmental regulation. Thirty years earlier, this organization (under the same senior author) had issued a similar report promoting risk assessment as a new method for improving the science behind regulatory decisions. Tools for risk assessment were subsequently developed and adopted in state and federal agencies throughout the US. Since then, limitations of the traditional forms of risk assessment have prompted some dramatic modifications toward cumulative assessments that combine multiple chemical and non-chemical stressors in community settings. At present, however, there is little momentum within the risk assessment community for abandoning this evolved system in favor of a new sustainability-based one. The key question is, how best to proceed? Should sustainability principles be incorporated into current risk assessment procedures, or vice versa? Widespread recognition of the importance of sustainability offers no clear guidance for the risk assessment community, especially in light of institutional commitments to sustainability tools and definitions that appear to have little in common with cumulative risk notions. The purpose of this paper is to reframe the sustainability challenge for risk assessors by offering analytical guidance to chart a way out. We adopt a decision analysis framework to overcome some conceptual barriers separating these two forms of assessment, and thereby, both escape the either/or choice and accept the inevitability of sustainability as a central regulatory concern in the U.S. View Full-Text
Keywords: cumulative risk assessment; sustainability assessment; regulatory decision-making; multi-criteria decision analysis cumulative risk assessment; sustainability assessment; regulatory decision-making; multi-criteria decision analysis
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Linder, S.H.; Sexton, K. A Pathway to Linking Risk and Sustainability Assessments. Toxics 2014, 2, 533-550.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop