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Article

The Architectural Design Requirements of a Blockchain-Based Port Community System

The Australian Road Research Board, Brisbane, QLD 4006, Australia
Logistics 2020, 4(4), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics4040030
Received: 18 September 2020 / Revised: 11 October 2020 / Accepted: 12 October 2020 / Published: 20 November 2020
This paper presents the value proposition of blockchain for Port Community Systems (PCS) by dissecting the business processes in port logistics and unfolding functionalities of blockchain in lowering the transaction cost. This paper contributes to the research by a detailed technical assessment of the plethora of currently available blockchain platforms and consensus mechanisms, against the identified requirements in this specific use case. The results of this technical assessment highlight the central value proposition of blockchain for landlord ports, which is independency from a central authority as the controlling agent. Bridging between two research domains of Information Technology and Logistics, this paper proposes the preferred architectural design requirements of a blockchain-based PCS, including provisioning private sidechains, modular design with inter-chain interoperability, and encrypted off-chain data storage. Availability—the readiness for correct service, and reliability—the continuity of correct service, are heavily reliant on the right choice being made for blockchain design for such a complex use case. A preliminary comparative analysis among different decentralisation levels in this paper suggests that a permissioned public blockchain offers the best trade-off in performance measures for this use case. This technical review identifies six research agenda from a design perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: supply chain; logistics; freight transportation; distributed ledger technology; maritime transportation; international trade supply chain; logistics; freight transportation; distributed ledger technology; maritime transportation; international trade
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MDPI and ACS Style

Irannezhad, E. The Architectural Design Requirements of a Blockchain-Based Port Community System. Logistics 2020, 4, 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics4040030

AMA Style

Irannezhad E. The Architectural Design Requirements of a Blockchain-Based Port Community System. Logistics. 2020; 4(4):30. https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics4040030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Irannezhad, Elnaz. 2020. "The Architectural Design Requirements of a Blockchain-Based Port Community System" Logistics 4, no. 4: 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics4040030

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