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Blockchain Technology in the Food Industry: A Review of Potentials, Challenges and Future Research Directions

1
Doctoral School of Regional Sciences and Business Administration, Széchenyi István University, 9026 Györ, Hungary
2
Henley Business School, University of Reading‚ Greenlands, Henley-on-Thames RG93AU, UK
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Department of Operations Management and Information System, Faculty of Business and Accountancy, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50203, Malaysia
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Department of International Management, Modul University Vienna, 1190 Vienna, Austria
5
Higher Institute of Computer Science El Manar, 2, Rue Abou Raïhan El Bayrouni, 2080 Ariana, Tunisia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Logistics 2020, 4(4), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics4040027
Received: 10 July 2020 / Revised: 29 August 2020 / Accepted: 1 September 2020 / Published: 26 October 2020
Blockchain technology has emerged as a promising technology with far-reaching implications for the food industry. The combination of immutability, enhanced visibility, transparency and data integrity provides numerous benefits that improve trust in extended food supply chains (FSCs). Blockchain can enhance traceability, enable more efficient recall and aids in risk reduction of counterfeits and other forms of illicit trade. Moreover, blockchain can enhance the integrity of credence claims such as sustainably sourced, organic or faith-based claims such as kosher or halal by integrating the authoritative source of the claim (e.g., the certification body or certification owner) into the blockchain to verify the claim integrity and reassure business customers and end consumers. Despite the promises and market hype, a comprehensive overview of the potential benefits and challenges of blockchain in FSCs is still missing. To bridge this knowledge gap, we present the findings from a systematic review and bibliometric analysis of sixty-one (61) journal articles and synthesize existing research. The main benefits of blockchain technology in FCSs are improved food traceability, enhanced collaboration, operational efficiencies and streamlined food trading processes. Potential challenges include technical, organizational and regulatory issues. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of our research and present several ideas for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: blockchain technology; food supply chain; potentials; challenges; systematic literature review; bibliometric analysis blockchain technology; food supply chain; potentials; challenges; systematic literature review; bibliometric analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rejeb, A.; Keogh, J.G.; Zailani, S.; Treiblmaier, H.; Rejeb, K. Blockchain Technology in the Food Industry: A Review of Potentials, Challenges and Future Research Directions. Logistics 2020, 4, 27. https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics4040027

AMA Style

Rejeb A, Keogh JG, Zailani S, Treiblmaier H, Rejeb K. Blockchain Technology in the Food Industry: A Review of Potentials, Challenges and Future Research Directions. Logistics. 2020; 4(4):27. https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics4040027

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rejeb, Abderahman; Keogh, John G.; Zailani, Suhaiza; Treiblmaier, Horst; Rejeb, Karim. 2020. "Blockchain Technology in the Food Industry: A Review of Potentials, Challenges and Future Research Directions" Logistics 4, no. 4: 27. https://doi.org/10.3390/logistics4040027

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