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Open AccessArticle

Energy Density and Nutrient Contents of Selective Chinese New Year Snacks

1
Clinical Nutrition Research Centre (CNRC), Singapore Institute of Food and Biotechnology Innovation (SIFBI), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 14 Medical Drive, Singapore 117599, Singapore
2
Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117599, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(8), 1137; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081137
Received: 1 July 2020 / Revised: 12 August 2020 / Accepted: 15 August 2020 / Published: 18 August 2020
Background: In this study, the energy density and nutrient contents of thirty Chinese New Year (CNY) snacks commonly consumed in the Asian region during the CNY festive season were measured. Methods: Calorie Answer™, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) were the main methods applied in this study. Results: All snacks showed high energy density (kJ/100 g) and the nutrient content, including macro-and micronutrients of these snacks were remarkably different. The most abundant minerals in these snacks include sodium, magnesium, potassium, and calcium. Palmitic (C16:0), oleic (C18:1) and linoleic (C18:2) acids were the main fatty acids and trans-fat was only identified in Butter cookies. Conclusions: This study provides a large database on macro- and micronutrient contents in CNY snacks consumed in the Asian region that has not been previously reported. Our results indicate that the snacks were generally energy-dense and nutrient-poor. This study provides necessary information to enable the reformulation of snacks with lower saturated fat and sodium content. It is also a source of information for consumers to select healthier snacks. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy density; fatty acid content; elemental composition; Chinese New Year Snacks; Calorie Answer; ICP-MS; GC-MS energy density; fatty acid content; elemental composition; Chinese New Year Snacks; Calorie Answer; ICP-MS; GC-MS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yeo, M.T.Y.; Yeo, P.L.Q.; Bi, X.; Henry, C.J. Energy Density and Nutrient Contents of Selective Chinese New Year Snacks. Foods 2020, 9, 1137. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081137

AMA Style

Yeo MTY, Yeo PLQ, Bi X, Henry CJ. Energy Density and Nutrient Contents of Selective Chinese New Year Snacks. Foods. 2020; 9(8):1137. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081137

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yeo, Michelle T.Y.; Yeo, Penny L.Q.; Bi, Xinyan; Henry, Christiani J. 2020. "Energy Density and Nutrient Contents of Selective Chinese New Year Snacks" Foods 9, no. 8: 1137. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9081137

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