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Foods 2018, 7(8), 126; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods7080126

Recipes for Determining Doneness in Poultry Do Not Provide Appropriate Information Based on US Government Guidelines

1
Center for Sensory Analysis and Consumer Behavior, Kansas State University, 1310 Research Park Dr., Manhattan, KS 66502, USA
2
Department of Human Sciences, College of Agriculture, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A. Merritt Boulevard, Nashville, TN 37209, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 July 2018 / Revised: 30 July 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 9 August 2018
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Abstract

Research has shown that consumers use unsafe food handling practices when preparing poultry, which can increase the risk of foodborne illness such as salmonellosis or campylobacteriosis. Recipes from cookbooks, magazines, and the internet commonly are used as sources for consumers to prepare food in homes and the expectation is that food will be safe when prepared. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), using a thermometer properly is the only way to accurately check for doneness of poultry. The objective of this study was to assess poultry recipes, including recipes for whole birds and poultry parts, to determine if food safety information concerning thermometer use was included within the recipe. Poultry recipes (n = 474) were collected from 217 cookbooks, 28 magazines, 59 websites, and seven blogs. Approximately 33.5% of the recipes contained a specific temperature for doneness, with 73% of those cooked to ≥165 °F/74 °C, as recommended by USDA. Ninety-four percent of recipes used cooking time and about half of the recipes used visual measurements, such as color or juices running clear, to determine doneness. This study showed that most recipes do not contain appropriate information to assure safe cooking of poultry by consumers. Modifying recipes by adding food safety information, such as thermometer use and proper temperatures, could increase the use of proper food preparation behaviors by consumers. View Full-Text
Keywords: food safety; poultry; consumer; cooking; behavior food safety; poultry; consumer; cooking; behavior
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Chambers, E., IV; Godwin, S.; Terry, T. Recipes for Determining Doneness in Poultry Do Not Provide Appropriate Information Based on US Government Guidelines. Foods 2018, 7, 126.

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