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Open AccessArticle

Determination of Listeria monocytogenes Growth during Mushroom Production and Distribution

Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2013, 2(4), 544-553;
Received: 8 October 2013 / Revised: 18 November 2013 / Accepted: 25 November 2013 / Published: 27 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Microbiology and Safety)
In the EU, food is considered safe with regard to Listeria monocytogenes if its numbers do not exceed 100 CFU/g throughout the shelf-life of the food. Therefore, it is important to determine if a food supports growth of L. monocytogenes. Challenge studies to determine the ability of a food to support growth of L. monocytogenes are essential as predictive modelling often overestimates the growth ability of L. monocytogenes. The aim of this study was to determine if growth of L. monocytogenes was supported during the production and distribution of mushrooms. A three-strain mixture of L. monocytogenes was inoculated onto three independent batches of whole mushrooms, sliced mushrooms, mushroom casing and mushroom substrate at a concentration of about 100–1000 CFU/g. The batches were incubated at potential abuse temperatures, as a worst case scenario, and at intervals during storage L. monocytogenes numbers, % moisture and pH were determined. The results showed that the sliced and whole mushrooms had the ability to support growth, while mushroom casing allowed survival but did not support growth. Mushroom substrate showed a rich background microflora that grew on Listeria selective media and this hindered enumeration of L. monocytogenes. In the case of this study, Combase predictions were not always accurate, indicating that challenge studies may be a necessary part of growth determination of L. monocytogenes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Listeria monocytogenes; mushrooms; growth; challenge tests; food safety Listeria monocytogenes; mushrooms; growth; challenge tests; food safety
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Leong, D.; Alvarez-Ordóez, A.; Guillas, F.; Jordan, K. Determination of Listeria monocytogenes Growth during Mushroom Production and Distribution. Foods 2013, 2, 544-553.

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