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Communication

Impact of Cork Closures on the Volatile Profile of Sparkling Wines during Bottle Aging

1
Associate Laboratory i4HB—Institute for Health and Bioeconomy, Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Rua Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, 228, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal
2
UCIBIO/REQUIMTE, Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Matteo Alessandro Del Nobile and Amalia Conte
Foods 2022, 11(3), 293; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11030293
Received: 29 December 2021 / Revised: 18 January 2022 / Accepted: 20 January 2022 / Published: 22 January 2022
This study aimed at investigating the impact of different technical cork stoppers on the quality preservation and shelf life of sparkling wines. The volatile compositions of two Italian sparkling wines sealed with a sparkling cork with two natural cork discs (2D) and a microagglomerated (MA) cork were determined during bottle aging (12 to 42 months) after disgorging, by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC/MS). The volatile profile of the sparkling wine #1 sealed with 2D stoppers showed the presence of camphor from 12 to 42 months, along with significant alterations in the levels of several alcohols, ketones, and ethyl esters at 24 and 42 months. The impact of closure type was less pronounced for sparkling wine #2 which also showed the presence of camphor from 12 to 42 months in 2D samples, and significantly higher levels of esters at 24 and 42 months for 2D compared with MA. These results unveiled that the type of closure has a greater impact on the volatile composition of sparkling wines at longer post-bottling periods and 2D stoppers preserve the fruity and sweety aromas of sparkling wines better after 42 months of bottle storage. View Full-Text
Keywords: volatile organic compounds; HS-SPME-GC/MS; Italian sparkling wines; cork stoppers; bottle aging volatile organic compounds; HS-SPME-GC/MS; Italian sparkling wines; cork stoppers; bottle aging
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MDPI and ACS Style

Amaro, F.; Almeida, J.; Oliveira, A.S.; Furtado, I.; Bastos, M.d.L.; Guedes de Pinho, P.; Pinto, J. Impact of Cork Closures on the Volatile Profile of Sparkling Wines during Bottle Aging. Foods 2022, 11, 293. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11030293

AMA Style

Amaro F, Almeida J, Oliveira AS, Furtado I, Bastos MdL, Guedes de Pinho P, Pinto J. Impact of Cork Closures on the Volatile Profile of Sparkling Wines during Bottle Aging. Foods. 2022; 11(3):293. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11030293

Chicago/Turabian Style

Amaro, Filipa, Joana Almeida, Ana S. Oliveira, Isabel Furtado, Maria d.L. Bastos, Paula Guedes de Pinho, and Joana Pinto. 2022. "Impact of Cork Closures on the Volatile Profile of Sparkling Wines during Bottle Aging" Foods 11, no. 3: 293. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11030293

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