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Article

Historical Wines of Portugal: The Classification, Consumer Associations and Marketing Implications

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Católica Lisbon School of Business & Economics, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Palma de Cima, 1649-023 Lisboa, Portugal
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Departamento de Organización de Empresas, Marketing y Sociología, Campus Las Lagunillas s/n, Universidad de Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
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Linking Landscape Environment Agriculture and Food (LEAF) Research Center, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-017 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Susan Bastian and Lukas Danner
Foods 2021, 10(5), 979; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10050979
Received: 22 February 2021 / Revised: 22 April 2021 / Accepted: 27 April 2021 / Published: 29 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wine: Consumers’ Perceptions, Preferences and Behaviour)
Geographical origin, use of traditional varieties and ancestral viticulture/oenology practices characterize wines classified as Historical Wines of Portugal (HWP). This study identifies the authenticity attributes consumers associate with this classification and assesses the relative strength of associations. A review of brand authenticity research and interviews with Portuguese wine producers (n = 3) and consumers (n = 12) were conducted to identify HWP classification attributes. Strength of attribute association was subsequently evaluated in an online questionnaire with a convenience sample of Portuguese wine consumers (n = 641), which included a measure of general wine knowledge and questions about the adequacy of different contexts for HWP purchase and consumption. Wine knowledge markedly affected the nature and strength of consumer associations. Compared to Aspirational Explorers, wine connoisseurs emerged as Heritage Gatekeepers, associating origin, cultural heritage, quality, production and at-home consumption more strongly with HWP, and tradition, wine age and out-of-home consumption less strongly. Market recognition of HWP as a novel and distinctive table wine classification, with well-defined and unique attributes, is thus likely to depend on consumers’ general wine knowledge. Related promotional activities targeting wine novices should first focus on educating them on HWP classification, whereas those directed at savvier consumers should emphasize wine authenticity cues instead. View Full-Text
Keywords: historical wines; brand authenticity; wine knowledge; consumer behavior; marketing strategy historical wines; brand authenticity; wine knowledge; consumer behavior; marketing strategy
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MDPI and ACS Style

de Almeida Costa, A.I.; Marano-Marcolini, C.; Malfeito-Ferreira, M.; Loureiro, V. Historical Wines of Portugal: The Classification, Consumer Associations and Marketing Implications. Foods 2021, 10, 979. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10050979

AMA Style

de Almeida Costa AI, Marano-Marcolini C, Malfeito-Ferreira M, Loureiro V. Historical Wines of Portugal: The Classification, Consumer Associations and Marketing Implications. Foods. 2021; 10(5):979. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10050979

Chicago/Turabian Style

de Almeida Costa, Ana I., Carla Marano-Marcolini, Manuel Malfeito-Ferreira, and Virgílio Loureiro. 2021. "Historical Wines of Portugal: The Classification, Consumer Associations and Marketing Implications" Foods 10, no. 5: 979. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10050979

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