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Article

Comparison of Different Methods of Education in the Adoption of Oral Health Care Knowledge

1
Study of Dental Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Split, Soltanska 2, 21000 Split, Croatia
2
Dental Practice, Health Centre of Pozega-Slavonian County, Matije Gupca 10, 34000 Pozega, Croatia
3
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Gunduliceva 5, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Guglielmo Campus
Dent. J. 2021, 9(10), 111; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9100111
Received: 30 August 2021 / Revised: 19 September 2021 / Accepted: 23 September 2021 / Published: 26 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Health Care in Paediatric Dentistry)
Aim: The scope of this study was to determine if there is a critical distinction in the usage of lectures, videos, and pamphlets as educational material utilized in the adoption of oral health care knowledge. Materials and methods: Three-hundred and thirty children from ages 11 to 13 from the city of Split, Croatia completed the questionnaire on oral health care knowledge. Consequently, they were educated by randomly using a method: lecture, pamphlet, or video. Finally, after education, their knowledge was tested again. Results: Different statistical tests were used for comparison of different sets of data. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test showed a statistically significant difference (p ˂ 0.001) compared to the results before and after education. The Kruskal–Wallis test comparing knowledge outcomes after three different types of education: video, lecture, and pamphlet, showed a statistically significant difference in the final knowledge between groups (p ˂ 0.05). A pairwise comparison between different types of education showed a significant statistical difference between education conducted by pamphlet and video material (p = 0.003) and pamphlet and lecture (p = 0.006). No difference was observed between the level of knowledge acquired through video material education and lectures (p = 0.928). Conclusion: Videos and lectures as means of education showed equal effectiveness in the adoption of oral health care knowledge, while the pamphlet was a method that proved to be less effective. View Full-Text
Keywords: child oral health; dental caries; dental education; prevention child oral health; dental caries; dental education; prevention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gavic, L.; Marcelja, M.; Gorseta, K.; Tadin, A. Comparison of Different Methods of Education in the Adoption of Oral Health Care Knowledge. Dent. J. 2021, 9, 111. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9100111

AMA Style

Gavic L, Marcelja M, Gorseta K, Tadin A. Comparison of Different Methods of Education in the Adoption of Oral Health Care Knowledge. Dentistry Journal. 2021; 9(10):111. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9100111

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gavic, Lidia, Martina Marcelja, Kristina Gorseta, and Antonija Tadin. 2021. "Comparison of Different Methods of Education in the Adoption of Oral Health Care Knowledge" Dentistry Journal 9, no. 10: 111. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj9100111

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