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Open AccessArticle

Educational Attainment and Self-Rated Oral Health among American Older Adults: Hispanics’ Diminished Returns

1
Department of Family Medicine, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, CA 90059, USA
2
Department of Family Medicine, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dent. J. 2019, 7(4), 97; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7040097
Received: 21 June 2019 / Revised: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 September 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
Background: Minorities’ diminished returns (MDRs) refer to systemically weaker effects of socioeconomic status (SES), particularly educational attainment, on the health of non-Whites compared to Whites. Aim: Using a nationally representative sample, we aimed to investigate ethnic differences in the effect of SES (educational attainment) on the self-rated oral health of Hispanic older adults in the US. Methods: This study analyzed the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging (UM-NPHA) 2017 data, which included 2131 older adults who were 50 to 80 years old (202 Hispanics and 1929 non-Hispanics). Ethnicity, race, educational attainment (SES), age, gender, employment, retirement, and self-rated oral health (single item) were measured. Logistic regressions were applied for data analysis. Results: High educational attainment was associated with lower odds of poor oral health in the pooled sample, net of all covariates. The effect of educational attainment on poor self-rated oral health was found to be weaker for Hispanics than for non-Hispanics. Conclusion: We observed MDRs of educational attainment (SES) on oral health for Hispanic older adults. In other words, compared to non-Hispanics, Hispanics gain less oral health from their educational attainment (SES). View Full-Text
Keywords: Hispanics; oral health; educational attainment; socioeconomic status; socioeconomic position Hispanics; oral health; educational attainment; socioeconomic status; socioeconomic position
MDPI and ACS Style

Assari, S.; Bazargan, M. Educational Attainment and Self-Rated Oral Health among American Older Adults: Hispanics’ Diminished Returns. Dent. J. 2019, 7, 97.

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