Next Article in Journal
Platelet Adhesion on Commercially Pure Titanium Plates in Vitro II. Immunofluorescence Visualization of PDGF-B, TGFβ1, and PPARγ Released from Activated Adherent Platelets
Previous Article in Journal
Biological Effects of Anodic Oxidation on Titanium Miniscrews: An In Vitro Study on Human Cells
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Overview of Different Interdental Cleaning Aids and Their Effectiveness
Review

Is the Use of Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy or Systemic Antibiotics More Effective in Improving Periodontal Health When Used in Conjunction with Localised Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy? A Systematic Review

1
Bristol Dental School, Lower Maudlin Street, Bristol BS1 2LY, UK
2
University Hospitals Bristol Research and Education Centre, Upper Maudlin Street, Bristol BS2 8AE, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dent. J. 2019, 7(4), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7040108
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 5 November 2019 / Accepted: 12 November 2019 / Published: 18 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Periodontal Therapy)
Periodontal disease can be treated in several ways. This paper reviewed whether antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) in addition to scaling and root planing (SRP) produces improved clinical results over systemic antibiotics (ABs) in conjunction with SRP in adults with periodontitis. Studies were searched using the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the Web of Science Core Collection up to and including November 2018. Four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were reviewed to maximise the reliability of the evidence. All participants suffered from either chronic or aggressive periodontitis and each study contained SRP as an adjunct to ABs or aPDT. To determine whether groups showed improvement after treatment, the outcome parameters chosen were probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), and bleeding on probing (BOP). Despite finding significant improvements in all groups, the differences among groups were not consistently statistically significant. The lack of homogeneity in the results among these studies indicates that it was not possible to determine a conclusion about whether aPDT or AB as an adjunct to SRP provides better improvements in periodontitis as measured by PD, CAL, and BOP. Further studies with more similar study designs are required before firm conclusions can be deduced. View Full-Text
Keywords: periodontitis; scaling; photodynamic; therapy; antibiotics; outcome periodontitis; scaling; photodynamic; therapy; antibiotics; outcome
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pal, A.; Paul, S.; Perry, R.; Puryer, J. Is the Use of Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy or Systemic Antibiotics More Effective in Improving Periodontal Health When Used in Conjunction with Localised Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy? A Systematic Review. Dent. J. 2019, 7, 108. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7040108

AMA Style

Pal A, Paul S, Perry R, Puryer J. Is the Use of Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy or Systemic Antibiotics More Effective in Improving Periodontal Health When Used in Conjunction with Localised Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy? A Systematic Review. Dentistry Journal. 2019; 7(4):108. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7040108

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pal, Animesh, Sanjeev Paul, Rachel Perry, and James Puryer. 2019. "Is the Use of Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy or Systemic Antibiotics More Effective in Improving Periodontal Health When Used in Conjunction with Localised Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy? A Systematic Review" Dentistry Journal 7, no. 4: 108. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj7040108

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop