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Open AccessArticle

Behavior Assessment in Children Following Hospital-Based General Anesthesia versus Office-Based General Anesthesia

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Department of Pediatric Dentistry Indiana University School of Dentistry, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children Indianapolis, Indiana, IN 46202, USA
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Private Practice, Bloomington, IN 47401, USA
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Department of Oral Pathology, Medicine, and Radiology, Indiana University School of Dentistry Indianapolis, Indiana, IN 46202, USA
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Department of Pediatrics Indiana University School of Medicine, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children Indianapolis, Indiana, IN 46202, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Barbara Cvikl
Dent. J. 2016, 4(3), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj4030027
Received: 13 April 2016 / Revised: 27 July 2016 / Accepted: 8 August 2016 / Published: 15 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management and Health Care in Pediatric Dentistry)
The purpose of this study was to determine if differences in behavior exist following dental treatment under hospital-based general anesthesia (HBGA) or office-based general anesthesia (OBGA) in the percentage of patients exhibiting positive behavior and in the mean Frankl scores at recall visits. This retrospective study examined records of a pediatric dental office over a 4 year period. Patients presenting before 48 months of age for an initial exam who were diagnosed with early childhood caries were included in the study. Following an initial exam, patients were treated under HBGA or OBGA. Patients were followed to determine their behavior at 6-, 12- and 18-month recall appointments. Fifty-four patients received treatment under HBGA and 26 were treated under OBGA. OBGA patients were significantly more likely to exhibit positive behavior at the 6- and 12-month recall visits p = 0.038 & p = 0.029). Clinicians should consider future behavior when determining general anesthesia treatment modalities in children with early childhood caries presenting to their office. View Full-Text
Keywords: behavior management; hospital denistry; general anesthesia; infant oral health; early childhood caries behavior management; hospital denistry; general anesthesia; infant oral health; early childhood caries
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Vinson, L.A.; Rasche, M.L.; Sanders, B.J.; Jones, J.E.; Saxen, M.A.; Tomlin, A.M.; Weddell, J.A. Behavior Assessment in Children Following Hospital-Based General Anesthesia versus Office-Based General Anesthesia. Dent. J. 2016, 4, 27.

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