Next Article in Journal
Hydrogenase Biomimetics with Redox-Active Ligands: Synthesis, Structure, and Electrocatalytic Studies on [Fe2(CO)42-dppn)(µ-edt)] (edt = Ethanedithiolate; dppn = 1,8-bis(Diphenylphosphino)Naphthalene)
Next Article in Special Issue
AgCl-ZnAl Layered Double Hydroxides as Catalysts with Enhanced Photodegradation and Antibacterial Activities
Previous Article in Journal
Room Temperature Ni(II) Catalyzed Hydrophosphination and Cyclotrimerization of Alkynes
Previous Article in Special Issue
On the Rehydration of Organic Layered Double Hydroxides to form Low-Ordered Carbon/LDH Nanocomposites
Article

Ketone Formation via Decarboxylation Reactions of Fatty Acids Using Solid Hydroxide/Oxide Catalysts

1
Centre for Sustainable Chemical Processes, Department of Chemistry, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
2
Department of Chemistry, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
3
Lennard-Jones Laboratories, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
4
Department of Earth Sciences, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Inorganics 2018, 6(4), 121; https://doi.org/10.3390/inorganics6040121
Received: 30 August 2018 / Revised: 12 October 2018 / Accepted: 19 October 2018 / Published: 8 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Breakthroughs with Layered Double Hydroxides)
A sustainable route to ketones is described where stearone is produced via ketonic decarboxylation of stearic acid mediated by solid base catalysts in yields of up to 97%, at 250 °C. A range of Mg/Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) and mixed metal oxide (MMO) solid base catalysts were prepared with Mg/Al ratios of between 2 and 6 via two synthetic routes, co-precipitation and co-hydration, with each material tested for their catalytic performance. For a given Mg/Al ratio, the LDH and MMO materials showed similar reactivity, with no correlation to the method of preparation. The presence of co-produced oxide phases in the co-hydration catalysts had negligible impact on reactivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: base catalysis; mixed metal oxide; layered double hydroxide; liquid phase; ketonisation; biorefinery; fatty acid base catalysis; mixed metal oxide; layered double hydroxide; liquid phase; ketonisation; biorefinery; fatty acid
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Smith, B.; Li, L.; Perera-Solis, D.D.; Gildea, L.F.; Zholobenko, V.L.; Dyer, P.W.; Greenwell, H.C. Ketone Formation via Decarboxylation Reactions of Fatty Acids Using Solid Hydroxide/Oxide Catalysts. Inorganics 2018, 6, 121. https://doi.org/10.3390/inorganics6040121

AMA Style

Smith B, Li L, Perera-Solis DD, Gildea LF, Zholobenko VL, Dyer PW, Greenwell HC. Ketone Formation via Decarboxylation Reactions of Fatty Acids Using Solid Hydroxide/Oxide Catalysts. Inorganics. 2018; 6(4):121. https://doi.org/10.3390/inorganics6040121

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smith, Benjamin, Li Li, Diego D. Perera-Solis, Louise F. Gildea, Vladimir L. Zholobenko, Philip W. Dyer, and H. C. Greenwell 2018. "Ketone Formation via Decarboxylation Reactions of Fatty Acids Using Solid Hydroxide/Oxide Catalysts" Inorganics 6, no. 4: 121. https://doi.org/10.3390/inorganics6040121

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop