Next Article in Journal
The Supramolecular Attitude of Metal–Salophen and Metal–Salen Complexes
Next Article in Special Issue
High-Performance La0.5Ba0.5Co1/3Mn1/3Fe1/3O3−δ-BaZr1−zYzO3−δ Cathode Composites via an Exsolution Mechanism for Protonic Ceramic Fuel Cells
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Introducing Methoxy Groups into the Ancillary Ligands in Bis(diimine) Copper(I) Dyes for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Inorganics 2018, 6(2), 41;

Single Crystal Growth of Sillén–Aurivillius Perovskite Oxyhalides Bi4NbO8X (X = Cl, Br)

Department of Energy and Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510, Japan
Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan
Department of Physical Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan
CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 March 2018 / Revised: 2 April 2018 / Accepted: 9 April 2018 / Published: 16 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mixed Metal Oxides)
Full-Text   |   PDF [11702 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  


Sillén–Aurivillius perovskite Bi4NbO8X (X = Cl, Br) is a promising photocatalyst for water splitting under visible light, as well as a potential ferroelectric material. In this work, we investigate the crystal growth conditions by mainly varying soak temperature, soak time and cooling rate. Under the optimal conditions, we successfully obtained yellow platelet single crystals with an in-plane distance of several hundred microns. As opposed to conventional crystal growth, a moderate cooling is essential to suppress an evaporation of the Bi–O–Cl species from a melt zone. The single crystals of Bi4NbO8Br were also grown using a similar condition. We suggest that the knowledge obtained in this study can be generally applied to other Sillén–Aurivillius phases and related oxyhalides. View Full-Text
Keywords: single crystal growth; Sillén–Aurivillius compounds; melt growth; photocatalyst single crystal growth; Sillén–Aurivillius compounds; melt growth; photocatalyst

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhong, C.; Kato, D.; Takeiri, F.; Fujii, K.; Yashima, M.; Nishiwaki, E.; Fujii, Y.; Koreeda, A.; Tassel, C.; Abe, R.; Kageyama, H. Single Crystal Growth of Sillén–Aurivillius Perovskite Oxyhalides Bi4NbO8X (X = Cl, Br). Inorganics 2018, 6, 41.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Inorganics EISSN 2304-6740 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top