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European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education is published by MDPI from Volume 10 Issue 1 (2020). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with University Association of Education and Psychology.
Article

Prevalence of depression in Spain: Analysis of the last 15 years

Departamento de Psicología. Universidad de Almería. Ctra. de Sacramento s/n. C.P.: 04120. Almería (España)
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Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2015, 5(2), 267-279; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe5020025
Received: 10 May 2015 / Revised: 1 June 2015 / Accepted: 15 June 2015 / Published: 15 June 2015
Depression in Spain in recent years has become an important problem of public health which is the cause of heavy government healthcare spending. The various depressive disorders have commonly been associated with other psychopathological disorders, especially anxiety, and with physical diseases. Its prevalence varied depending on the study because of the characteristics of the samples, the instruments used or the type of disorder studied. A systematic review was done in several national and international databases, in which a total of 63 publications were found, with only nine remaining after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data analyzed concerning the nine publications use a diversity of samples: patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, university students, children clinical population, preschool children, elderly population, general population, hospitalized patients and smokers. The data on prevalence varied in the studies examined from 1.12% in preschool children, 8.56% in the general population and up to 55.6% in university students. After analysis of results, a constant pattern was observed in gender with a higher proportion of women who suffer from depression), although the data on prevalence varied from one study to another and their comparison was complicated.
Keywords: Review; prevalence; depression; epidemiology; mental disorders Review; prevalence; depression; epidemiology; mental disorders
MDPI and ACS Style

Cardila, F.; Martos, Á.; Barragán, A.B.; del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes, M.; del Mar Molero, M.; Gázquez, J.J. Prevalence of depression in Spain: Analysis of the last 15 years. Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2015, 5, 267-279. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe5020025

AMA Style

Cardila F, Martos Á, Barragán AB, del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes M, del Mar Molero M, Gázquez JJ. Prevalence of depression in Spain: Analysis of the last 15 years. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education. 2015; 5(2):267-279. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe5020025

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cardila, Fernando, África Martos, Ana B. Barragán, Mª del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes, Mª del Mar Molero, and José J. Gázquez. 2015. "Prevalence of depression in Spain: Analysis of the last 15 years" European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education 5, no. 2: 267-279. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe5020025

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