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Article

Impact of Ethical Leadership on Employee Engagement: Role of Self-Efficacy and Organizational Commitment

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Department of Management Sciences, Lahore College for Women University, Jail Road, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
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Department of Business Administration, Kinnaird College for Women, 93 Jail Rd, G.O.R. - I, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ernesto Lodi, Paola Magnano, Andrea Zammitti and María del Mar Molero Jurado
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2021, 11(3), 962-974; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe11030071
Received: 20 June 2021 / Revised: 5 August 2021 / Accepted: 5 August 2021 / Published: 25 August 2021
The aim of this study was to examine the roles of self-efficacy and organizational commitment in the sequential mediation of the relationship between ethical leadership and employee engagement. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires of employees from private and public sector organizations of Pakistan. We opted for a three-wave time-lagged design, and we used the PROCESS macro by Hayes on a sample of 211 employees (35% male, 65% female) via the 2000 re-sample bias-corrected bootstrap method. The results show a significant relationship between ethical leadership and employee engagement with mediating effects of self-efficacy and organizational commitment. Self-efficacy and organizational commitment fully mediated the relationship. The results provide insight into the understanding of employee behavior, particularly in the presence of moral leadership. Drawing on the conservation of resource theory, we examined how ethical leader support enables employees to invest their resources into positive outcomes. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: employee engagement; ethical leadership; organizational commitment; self-efficacy employee engagement; ethical leadership; organizational commitment; self-efficacy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ashfaq, F.; Abid, G.; Ilyas, S. Impact of Ethical Leadership on Employee Engagement: Role of Self-Efficacy and Organizational Commitment. Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2021, 11, 962-974. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe11030071

AMA Style

Ashfaq F, Abid G, Ilyas S. Impact of Ethical Leadership on Employee Engagement: Role of Self-Efficacy and Organizational Commitment. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education. 2021; 11(3):962-974. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe11030071

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ashfaq, Fouzia, Ghulam Abid, and Sehrish Ilyas. 2021. "Impact of Ethical Leadership on Employee Engagement: Role of Self-Efficacy and Organizational Commitment" European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education 11, no. 3: 962-974. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe11030071

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