Next Article in Journal
Exploring Issues and Challenges of Leadership among Early Career Doctors in Nigeria Using a Mixed-Method Approach: CHARTING Study
Previous Article in Journal
The Organization of Self-Knowledge in Adolescence: Some Contributions Using the Repertory Grid Technique
Open AccessArticle

A Comprehensive Assessment of Food Parenting Practices: Psychometric Properties of the Portuguese Version of the HomeSTEAD Family Food Practices Survey and Associations with Children’s Weight and Food Intake

1
Center for Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Porto, Rua Alfredo Allen, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal
2
Viver Mais Family Health Unit, Maia-Valongo Health Centre Group, Avenida Luís de Camões, n.º 290, 3.º andar, 4474-004 Maia, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2020, 10(1), 424-440; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe10010032
Received: 21 December 2019 / Revised: 14 January 2020 / Accepted: 29 January 2020 / Published: 5 February 2020
The Home Self-Administered Tool for Environmental Assessment of Activity and Diet (HomeSTEAD) survey evaluates a broad spectrum of food parenting practices related to parental use of control, autonomy support, and structure. This study aims to test the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey in parents of 3–12 year old children. Data were collected from 184 parents/caregivers. We performed an exploratory factor analysis (EFA), calculated the internal consistency coefficients of each subscale, and tested for associations with children’s food intake and weight. Based on the EFA, 61 items were included in the Portuguese version of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey, and were distributed among four Coercive Control Practices (16 items); five Autonomy Support Practices (17 items); and nine Structure Practices (28 items). All scales demonstrated an acceptable level of internal consistency. A higher body mass index (BMI) SD score in children was associated with higher levels of restriction and weight talk by parents and distractions during meals. Higher levels of distractions during meals were also associated with higher sweets intake in children. Additionally, higher levels of parental modeling and the establishment of rules and limits were associated with lower intake of sugar-sweetened beverages. These associations provide preliminary evidence of the HomeSTEAD family food practices survey’s construct validity and attest to its potential to assess parental strategies and provide useful information to improve children’s eating. View Full-Text
Keywords: feeding practices; children; factor analysis; weight; dietary intake; parenting feeding practices; children; factor analysis; weight; dietary intake; parenting
MDPI and ACS Style

Afonso, L.; Castro, J.; Parente, N.; Torres, S. A Comprehensive Assessment of Food Parenting Practices: Psychometric Properties of the Portuguese Version of the HomeSTEAD Family Food Practices Survey and Associations with Children’s Weight and Food Intake. Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2020, 10, 424-440.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop