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Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Fruit and Valorization of Industrialization By-Products

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Department of Food Research, Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, Saltillo 25280, Mexico
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Research Center and Ethnobiological Garden, Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, Viesca 27480, Mexico
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Center for Interdisciplinary Studies and Research, Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, Saltillo 25016, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juan Francisco García Martín
Processes 2021, 9(6), 1075; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9061075
Received: 28 January 2021 / Revised: 25 March 2021 / Accepted: 25 March 2021 / Published: 20 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Use of Agro-Industrial Byproducts and Waste Treatment)
Guava (Psidium guajava L.), is a fruit considered native to the American tropics. It is of great economic importance in many countries of the world, due to its high production and diversity of products derived from its fruit. It can be consumed fresh or processed. During the fruit’s processing, some residues are generated, such as seeds, rinds, and pulp, which is about 30% of the fresh fruit’s volume. Different studies have shown that it can be used in various industries, such as food, chemical, and pharmaceutical. By-products or processing residues have valuable components. Evidence indicates that it contains significant amounts of dietary fiber (soluble and insoluble), vitamins (A, B, C, β-carotene), essential oils, minerals, proteins (transferrin, ceruloplasmin, albumin), pectins, antioxidants (flavonoids, flavonols, condensed tannins) and volatile organic compounds; these elements can help in the prevention of chronic and degenerative diseases. P. guajava L. is considered a nutraceutical due to its compounds with beneficial properties on health and disease prevention. Therefore, this paper aims to review the physicochemical composition of the different by-products of the processing of guava and its reported uses. View Full-Text
Keywords: guava; Psidium guajava; waste; nutraceuticals; by-products guava; Psidium guajava; waste; nutraceuticals; by-products
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MDPI and ACS Style

Angulo-López, J.E.; Flores-Gallegos, A.C.; Torres-León, C.; Ramírez-Guzmán, K.N.; Martínez, G.A.; Aguilar, C.N. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Fruit and Valorization of Industrialization By-Products. Processes 2021, 9, 1075. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9061075

AMA Style

Angulo-López JE, Flores-Gallegos AC, Torres-León C, Ramírez-Guzmán KN, Martínez GA, Aguilar CN. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Fruit and Valorization of Industrialization By-Products. Processes. 2021; 9(6):1075. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9061075

Chicago/Turabian Style

Angulo-López, Jorge E., Adriana C. Flores-Gallegos, Cristian Torres-León, Karen N. Ramírez-Guzmán, Gloria A. Martínez, and Cristóbal N. Aguilar 2021. "Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Fruit and Valorization of Industrialization By-Products" Processes 9, no. 6: 1075. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9061075

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