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The Potentiality of Rice Husk-Derived Activated Carbon: From Synthesis to Application
Open AccessArticle

Performance of Smokehouse Designed for Smoking Fish with the Indirect Method

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Department of Food Science and Technology, Universitas Negeri Gorontalo, Kota Gorontalo 96128, Indonesia
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Department of Agricultural Engineering, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
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Department of Fisheries Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof.H.Soedarto S.H, Semarang 50275, Indonesia
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Faculty of Integrated Technologies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong BE1410, Brunei
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2020, 8(2), 204; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8020204
Received: 18 December 2019 / Revised: 23 January 2020 / Accepted: 27 January 2020 / Published: 6 February 2020
Recently, studies about smoked food tend to identify harmful compounds that potentially appear within the smoking process. The process, conducted in a smokehouse, closely corresponds with the design and method. This paper presents a smokehouse designed by integrating a biomass furnace, a heat exchanger, a cyclone separator, and a smoking chamber. The design target was to obtain a smoking system that produces clean smoked fish. The design and construction phase and the performance tests phase are discussed in this paper. The energy source used was coconut shells, fed into the furnace at predetermined amounts, to achieve the desired temperature. The performance tests were done using skipjack fish, whose weight ranged from 0.7–1.0 kg/head. The results showed that the smoking system was able to complete the smoking process of the fish in 13 h with 20.1% moisture reduction. The temperature of the smoking chamber varied from 70 °C to 108 °C and the internal fish temperature during the cooking phase ranged from 71 °C to 80 °C. The temperature performance was supported by a heat exchanger with an effectiveness of 0.63 and a cyclone separator, which channeled the smoke–heat flow, separated fly ash with particle sizes between 0.2–600 µm and tar. Based on the test results, the indirect smoking system developed and tested in this study is shown to be able to perform the smoking fish process satisfactorily and produce clean smoked fish. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated design; smoking system; fly ash separation; smoked fish integrated design; smoking system; fly ash separation; smoked fish
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Tahir, M.; Salengke, S.; Mursalim; Metusalach; Caesarendra, W. Performance of Smokehouse Designed for Smoking Fish with the Indirect Method. Processes 2020, 8, 204.

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