Next Article in Journal
Extraction Process, Identification of Fatty Acids, Tocopherols, Sterols and Phenolic Constituents, and Antioxidant Evaluation of Seed Oils from Five Fabaceae Species
Next Article in Special Issue
Adsorptive Removal of Pyridine in Simulation Wastewater Using Coke Powder
Previous Article in Journal
Development of a Numerical Model for a Compact Intensified Heat-Exchanger/Reactor
Previous Article in Special Issue
Capacity of Caulerpa lentillifera in the Removal of Fish Culture Effluent in a Recirculating Aquaculture System
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Dissolved Organic Matter on Agglomeration and Removal of CuO Nanoparticles by Coagulation

Graduate School of Water Resources, Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) 2066, Suwon 16419, Korea
Shandong Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Qingdao 266200, China
Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Province for Chemical Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, School of Environmental and Biological Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
Key Laboratory of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region Eco-Environment, State Ministry of Education, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2019, 7(7), 455;
Received: 20 June 2019 / Revised: 11 July 2019 / Accepted: 13 July 2019 / Published: 16 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wastewater Treatment Processes)
PDF [1286 KB, uploaded 16 July 2019]


Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), such as copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs), are emerging as pollutants extensively used in many commercial and industrial applications, thus raising environmental concerns due to their release into water bodies. It is, therefore, essential to remove these pollutants from water bodies in order to minimize the potential threat to the aquatic environment and human health. The objective of this study was to investigate the removal of CuO NPs from waters by the coagulation process. This study also explored the efficiency of coagulation to remove hydrophobic/hydrophilic dissolved organic matter (DOM) and turbidity with varying polyaluminum chloride (PACl) doses. According to the results, a high concentration of DOM affects both the CuO NPs zeta potential and hydrodynamic diameter, thereby decreasing the agglomeration behavior. At effective coagulation zone (ECR), high removal of CuO NPs (>95%) was observed for all studied waters (hydrophobic and hydrophilic waters), above ECR excess charge induced by coagulant restabilized particles in solution. Furthermore, waters containing hydrophobic DOM and those with high UV254nm values needed more coagulant dose than hydrophilic waters to obtain similar CuO NP removals. The primary mechanism involved in CuO NPs removal might be charge neutralization. These findings suggest that PACl is an effective coagulant in the removal of CuO NPs; however, water characteristics are an influencing factor on the removal performance of ENMs during the coagulation process. View Full-Text
Keywords: agglomeration; coagulation; copper oxide nanoparticles; dissolved organic matter; polyaluminum chloride agglomeration; coagulation; copper oxide nanoparticles; dissolved organic matter; polyaluminum chloride

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, R.; Inam, M.A.; Akram, M.; Uddin, A.; Khan, S.; Yeom, I.T. Effect of Dissolved Organic Matter on Agglomeration and Removal of CuO Nanoparticles by Coagulation. Processes 2019, 7, 455.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Processes EISSN 2227-9717 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top