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Article

Simultaneous Removal of Calconcarboxylic Acid, NH4+ and PO43− from Pharmaceutical Effluent Using Iron Oxide-Biochar Nanocomposite Loaded with Pseudomonas putida

1
Department of Chemistry, College of Science, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 9004, Abha 61413, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2
Chemistry and Nuclear Physics Institute, Atomic Energy Commission, P.O. Box 3001, Khartoum 11111, Sudan
3
Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Sfax (ISBS), Sfax University, P.O. Box 263, Sfax 3000, Tunisia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2019, 7(11), 800; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110800
Received: 28 September 2019 / Revised: 20 October 2019 / Accepted: 23 October 2019 / Published: 3 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances of Nanocomposites in Bioremediation Processes)
In the current study, the Fe2O3/biochar nanocomposite was synthesized through a self-assembly method, followed by the immobilization of Pseudomonas putida (P. putida) on its surface to produce the P. putida/Fe2O3/biochar magnetic innovative nanocomposite. The synthesized nanocomposite was characterized using different techniques including X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Then, the efficiencies of this material to remove calconcarboxylic acid (CCA) organic dye, ammonium ions (NH4+), and phosphate ions (PO43−) from industrial wastewater were analyzed. The removal rates of up to 82%, 95%, and 85% were achieved for CCA dye, PO43−, NH4+, respectively, by the synthesized composite. Interestingly, even after 5 cycles of reuse, the prepared nanocomposite remains efficient in the removal of pollutants. Therefore, the P. putida/Fe3O4/biochar composite was found to be an actual talented nanocomposite for industrial wastewater bioremediation. View Full-Text
Keywords: industrial wastewater; nanocomposites; biochar; microorganisms; calconcarboxylic acid industrial wastewater; nanocomposites; biochar; microorganisms; calconcarboxylic acid
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MDPI and ACS Style

M. Siddeeg, S.; A. Tahoon, M.; Ben Rebah, F. Simultaneous Removal of Calconcarboxylic Acid, NH4+ and PO43− from Pharmaceutical Effluent Using Iron Oxide-Biochar Nanocomposite Loaded with Pseudomonas putida. Processes 2019, 7, 800. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110800

AMA Style

M. Siddeeg S, A. Tahoon M, Ben Rebah F. Simultaneous Removal of Calconcarboxylic Acid, NH4+ and PO43− from Pharmaceutical Effluent Using Iron Oxide-Biochar Nanocomposite Loaded with Pseudomonas putida. Processes. 2019; 7(11):800. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110800

Chicago/Turabian Style

M. Siddeeg, Saifeldin, Mohamed A. Tahoon, and Faouzi Ben Rebah. 2019. "Simultaneous Removal of Calconcarboxylic Acid, NH4+ and PO43− from Pharmaceutical Effluent Using Iron Oxide-Biochar Nanocomposite Loaded with Pseudomonas putida" Processes 7, no. 11: 800. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110800

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