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Processes 2018, 6(7), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr6070085

A Cost-Effective Redundant Digital Excitation Control System and Test Bed Experiment for Safe Power Supply for Process Industry 4.0

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Seoul, Seoul 02504, Korea
2
Department of Software, Catholic University of Pusan, Geumjeong-gu, 57 Oryundae-ro, Busan 46241, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 June 2018 / Revised: 22 June 2018 / Accepted: 27 June 2018 / Published: 3 July 2018

Abstract

Recently, the energy demand and supply situation in the Republic of Korea (ROK) has been largely affected by the fluctuations in the energy markets around the world. Such a situation has provided a basis for requiring improvements to power plant facilities. The automatic generator voltage control systems in large-scale power plants are adopting a rapid-response static excitation method to improve the transient stability. A domestic commercially developed large-scale triple-redundant excitation system is currently operated by the 1000 MW-class nuclear power plant and its efficiency has been verified at the same site. However, such a system is too costly for smaller power plants so that a reliable and low-cost redundant digital excitation control system was developed and introduced in this study to resolve the cost problem. The system has improved its stability and reliability at the same time through double (redundant) configuration. Additionally, the system’s performance was put to the test by conducting a series of control function tests after applying it to the gas turbine used in a thermal power station. This study includes the development of system hardware, simulations as well as on-site experiments and each element was validated as a result. Also, the study discusses and validates the method used for replacing the protective relays at the Kanudi power plant operating in Papua New Guinea. The replacement of 27 and 81 protective relays at the existing power plant was carried out as they did not function properly. New relays were installed after removing the power supply in the existing panel. The individual power output sections of new relays were connected in parallel with the existing properly functioning relays, as previous protective relays had only allowed monitoring without outputting the contents. Thus, the new protective system was designed to enable both existing and new relays to carry out the detection function. It was validated that the replacement was successful. The new system with the new relays is performing properly by protecting its power generator and preventing further accidents. View Full-Text
Keywords: digital excitation control system; synchronous generator; excitation system; system architecture; job safety; Android application; Process industry 4.0; Computer architecture digital excitation control system; synchronous generator; excitation system; system architecture; job safety; Android application; Process industry 4.0; Computer architecture
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Lee, H.-G.; Huh, J.-H. A Cost-Effective Redundant Digital Excitation Control System and Test Bed Experiment for Safe Power Supply for Process Industry 4.0. Processes 2018, 6, 85.

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