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Open AccessArticle

Structure Manipulation of Carbon Aerogels by Managing Solution Concentration of Precursor and Its Application for CO2 Capture

by Pingping He 1,2, Xingchi Qian 1,2, Zhaoyang Fei 1,2, Qing Liu 1,3,*, Zhuxiu Zhang 1, Xian Chen 1, Jihai Tang 1,2,4, Mifen Cui 1 and Xu Qiao 1,2,4,*
1
College of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 210009, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 210009, China
3
Department of Chemistry Centre for Catalysis Research and Innovation (CCRI), University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
4
Jiangsu National Synergetic Innovation Center for Advanced Materials (SICAM), Nanjing 210009, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2018, 6(4), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr6040035
Received: 2 February 2018 / Revised: 1 April 2018 / Accepted: 7 April 2018 / Published: 12 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transport of Fluids in Nanoporous Materials)
A series of carbon aerogels were synthesized by polycondensation of resorcinol and formaldehyde, and their structure was adjusted by managing solution concentration of precursors. Carbon aerogels were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), N2 adsorption/desorption and scanning electron microscope (SEM) technologies. It was found that the pore structure and morphology of carbon aerogels can be efficiently manipulated by managing solution concentration. The relative micropore volume of carbon aerogels, defined by Vmicro/Vtol, first increased and then decreased with the increase of solution concentration, leading to the same trend of CO2 adsorption capacity. Specifically, the CA-45 (the solution concentration of precursors is 45 wt%) sample had the highest CO2 adsorption capacity (83.71 cm3/g) and the highest selectivity of CO2/N2 (53) at 1 bar and 0 °C. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon aerogels; concentration; structure manipulation; CO2 capture carbon aerogels; concentration; structure manipulation; CO2 capture
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MDPI and ACS Style

He, P.; Qian, X.; Fei, Z.; Liu, Q.; Zhang, Z.; Chen, X.; Tang, J.; Cui, M.; Qiao, X. Structure Manipulation of Carbon Aerogels by Managing Solution Concentration of Precursor and Its Application for CO2 Capture. Processes 2018, 6, 35.

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