Polyphenols from Red Vine Leaves Using Alternative Processing Techniques
AbstractThe extraction kinetics of polyphenols, which are leached from red vine leaves, are studied and evaluated using a laboratory robot and nonconventional processing techniques such as ultrasonic (US)-, microwave (MW)-, and pulsed electric field (PEF)-assisted extraction processes. The robotic high-throughput screening reveals optimal extraction conditions at a pH value of 2.5, a temperature of 56 °C, and a solvent mixture of methanol:water:HCl of 50:49:1 v/v/v. Nonconventional processing techniques, such as MW- and US-assisted extraction, have the fastest kinetics and produce the highest polyphenol yield. The non-conventional techniques yield is 2.29 g/L (MW) resp. 2.47 g/L (US) for particles that range in size from 450 to 2000 µm and 2.20 g/L (MW) resp. 2.05 g/L (US) for particles that range from 2000 to 4000 µm. PEF has the lowest yield of polyphenols with 0.94 g/L (450–2000 µm), resp. 0.64 g/L (2000–4000 µm) in comparison to 1.82 g/L (2000 to 4000 µm) in a standard stirred vessel (50 °C). When undried red vine leaves (2000 to 4000 µm) are used the total phenol content is 1.44 g/L with PEF. View Full-Text
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Bachtler, S.; Bart, H.-J. Polyphenols from Red Vine Leaves Using Alternative Processing Techniques. Processes 2018, 6, 262.
Bachtler S, Bart H-J. Polyphenols from Red Vine Leaves Using Alternative Processing Techniques. Processes. 2018; 6(12):262.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bachtler, Simone; Bart, Hans-Jörg. 2018. "Polyphenols from Red Vine Leaves Using Alternative Processing Techniques." Processes 6, no. 12: 262.
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