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Article

Production of Oil and Phenolic-Rich Extracts from Mauritia flexuosa L.f. Using Sequential Supercritical and Conventional Solvent Extraction: Experimental and Economic Evaluation †

1
Grupo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación en Alimentos, Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Lima 15024, Peru
2
Instituto de Ciencias de los Alimentos y Nutrición (ICAN-USIL), Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Lima 15024, Peru
3
Laboratory of Agroindustrial Processes Engineering (LAPE), Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM), Cachoeira do Sul 97105-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of paper published in the international conference: The 2nd International Electronic Conference on Foods 2021-Future Foods and Food Technologies for a Sustainable World, sciforum-048831, https://sciforum.net/paper/view/10988.
Academic Editors: Maria Angela A. Meireles, Ádina L. Santana and Grazielle Nathia Neves
Processes 2022, 10(3), 459; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr10030459
Received: 22 January 2022 / Revised: 12 February 2022 / Accepted: 18 February 2022 / Published: 24 February 2022
Mauritia flexuosa L.f. is a palm from the Amazon. Pulp and oil are extracted from its fruits, with a high content of bioactive compounds. This study presents the economic evaluation of two extraction processes: (a) Conventional solvent extraction (CSE) with 80% ethanol for the recovery of phenolic-rich extracts; and (b) Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) followed by CSE to obtain oil and phenolic-rich extracts. The objective of this study was to compare the feasibility of both extraction processes. The economic evaluation and the sensitivity study were evaluated using the SuperPro Designer 9.0® software at an extraction volume of 2000 L. Similar global extraction yields were obtained for both processes; however, 8.4 and 2.4 times more total polyphenol and flavonoid content were extracted, respectively, using SFE+CSE. Cost of manufacturing (COM) was higher in SFE+CSE compared to CSE, USD 193.38/kg and USD 126.47/kg, respectively; however, in the first process, two by-products were obtained. The sensitivity study showed that the cost of the raw material was the factor that had the highest impact on COM in both extraction processes. SFE+CSE was the most economically viable process for obtaining bioactive compounds on an industrial scale from M. flexuosa L.f. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mauritia flexuosa L.f.; conventional solvent extraction; supercritical fluid extraction; phenolic compounds; economic analysis Mauritia flexuosa L.f.; conventional solvent extraction; supercritical fluid extraction; phenolic compounds; economic analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Best, I.; Cartagena-Gonzales, Z.; Arana-Copa, O.; Olivera-Montenegro, L.; Zabot, G. Production of Oil and Phenolic-Rich Extracts from Mauritia flexuosa L.f. Using Sequential Supercritical and Conventional Solvent Extraction: Experimental and Economic Evaluation. Processes 2022, 10, 459. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr10030459

AMA Style

Best I, Cartagena-Gonzales Z, Arana-Copa O, Olivera-Montenegro L, Zabot G. Production of Oil and Phenolic-Rich Extracts from Mauritia flexuosa L.f. Using Sequential Supercritical and Conventional Solvent Extraction: Experimental and Economic Evaluation. Processes. 2022; 10(3):459. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr10030459

Chicago/Turabian Style

Best, Ivan, Zaina Cartagena-Gonzales, Oscar Arana-Copa, Luis Olivera-Montenegro, and Giovani Zabot. 2022. "Production of Oil and Phenolic-Rich Extracts from Mauritia flexuosa L.f. Using Sequential Supercritical and Conventional Solvent Extraction: Experimental and Economic Evaluation" Processes 10, no. 3: 459. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr10030459

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