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Open AccessConcept Paper

Big Data in the Era of Health Information Exchanges: Challenges and Opportunities for Public Health

1
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
2
Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mouzhi Ge and Vlastislav Dohnal
Informatics 2017, 4(4), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/informatics4040039
Received: 11 September 2017 / Revised: 25 October 2017 / Accepted: 7 November 2017 / Published: 10 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quality Management in Big Data)
Public health surveillance of communicable diseases depends on timely, complete, accurate, and useful data that are collected across a number of healthcare and public health systems. Health Information Exchanges (HIEs) which support electronic sharing of data and information between health care organizations are recognized as a source of ‘big data’ in healthcare and have the potential to provide public health with a single stream of data collated across disparate systems and sources. However, given these data are not collected specifically to meet public health objectives, it is unknown whether a public health agency’s (PHA’s) secondary use of the data is supportive of or presents additional barriers to meeting disease reporting and surveillance needs. To explore this issue, we conducted an assessment of big data that is available to a PHA—laboratory test results and clinician-generated notifiable condition report data—through its participation in a HIE. View Full-Text
Keywords: big data; communicable diseases; data mining; data quality; epidemiology; health information exchange; infectious diseases; population surveillance; public health big data; communicable diseases; data mining; data quality; epidemiology; health information exchange; infectious diseases; population surveillance; public health
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Baseman, J.G.; Revere, D.; Painter, I. Big Data in the Era of Health Information Exchanges: Challenges and Opportunities for Public Health. Informatics 2017, 4, 39.

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