Bayesian Option Pricing Framework with Stochastic Volatility for FX Data
AbstractThe application of stochastic volatility (SV) models in the option pricing literature usually assumes that the market has sufficient option data to calibrate the model’s risk-neutral parameters. When option data are insufficient or unavailable, market practitioners must estimate the model from the historical returns of the underlying asset and then transform the resulting model into its risk-neutral equivalent. However, the likelihood function of an SV model can only be expressed in a high-dimensional integration, which makes the estimation a highly challenging task. The Bayesian approach has been the classical way to estimate SV models under the data-generating (physical) probability measure, but the transformation from the estimated physical dynamic into its risk-neutral counterpart has not been addressed. Inspired by the generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (GARCH) option pricing approach by Duan in 1995, we propose an SV model that enables us to simultaneously and conveniently perform Bayesian inference and transformation into risk-neutral dynamics. Our model relaxes the normality assumption on innovations of both return and volatility processes, and our empirical study shows that the estimated option prices generate realistic implied volatility smile shapes. In addition, the volatility premium is almost flat across strike prices, so adding a few option data to the historical time series of the underlying asset can greatly improve the estimation of option prices. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Wang, Y.; Choy, S.T.B.; Wong, H.Y. Bayesian Option Pricing Framework with Stochastic Volatility for FX Data. Risks 2016, 4, 51.
Wang Y, Choy STB, Wong HY. Bayesian Option Pricing Framework with Stochastic Volatility for FX Data. Risks. 2016; 4(4):51.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Ying; Choy, Sai T.B.; Wong, Hoi Y. 2016. "Bayesian Option Pricing Framework with Stochastic Volatility for FX Data." Risks 4, no. 4: 51.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.