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Effect of Culturally Adapted Dental Visual Aids on Oral Hygiene Status during Dental Visits in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21521, Egypt
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Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Grazia Cagetti
Children 2022, 9(5), 666; https://doi.org/10.3390/children9050666
Received: 6 April 2022 / Revised: 30 April 2022 / Accepted: 2 May 2022 / Published: 5 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Pediatric Dentistry)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prevalence has escalated in the last few decades; it is common to have children with ASD seek dental treatment. Their unique behavior patterns prevent them from attending a regular dental setting and receiving proper oral hygiene instructions (OHI); therefore, culturally adapted dental visual aids are necessary to teach them proper OHI. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of culturally adapted dental visual aids in improving oral hygiene (OH) status in children with ASD. A blinded, randomized, controlled clinical trial with sixty-four children with ASD were randomly divided into two groups according to the type of dental visual aids given to them. The experimental group received culturally adapted dental visual aids developed specifically for the study, and the control group received regular dental visual aids. OH status was assessed before and after using the dental visual aids, and data were processed using SPSS version 25.0. OH status improved significantly in both groups after using the dental visual aids (p < 0.001, p < 0.001), respectively. The experimental group showed significant improvement in comparison to the control group in OH status (p = 0.030). Both dental visual aids showed effectiveness in improving OH status in children with ASD. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder; dental visual aids; oral hygiene status autism spectrum disorder; dental visual aids; oral hygiene status
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aljubour, A.; AbdElBaki, M.; El Meligy, O.; Al Jabri, B.; Sabbagh, H. Effect of Culturally Adapted Dental Visual Aids on Oral Hygiene Status during Dental Visits in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Children 2022, 9, 666. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9050666

AMA Style

Aljubour A, AbdElBaki M, El Meligy O, Al Jabri B, Sabbagh H. Effect of Culturally Adapted Dental Visual Aids on Oral Hygiene Status during Dental Visits in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Children. 2022; 9(5):666. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9050666

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aljubour, Ala, Medhat AbdElBaki, Omar El Meligy, Basma Al Jabri, and Heba Sabbagh. 2022. "Effect of Culturally Adapted Dental Visual Aids on Oral Hygiene Status during Dental Visits in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial" Children 9, no. 5: 666. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9050666

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