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Systematic Review

Orthorexia and Eating Disorders in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review

1
Strategies of Developmental and Adolescent Health, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 115 28 Athens, Greece
2
Clinical Psychopathology, University of Macedonia, 546 36 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Department of Clinical Therapeutics, Alexandra Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 115 28 Athens, Greece
4
Unit of Endocrinology, Diabetes Mellitus and Metabolism, Aretaieion Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 115 28 Athens, Greece
5
Department of Public Health Policy, University of West Attica, 122 43 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Maria Marino
Children 2022, 9(4), 514; https://doi.org/10.3390/children9040514
Received: 4 March 2022 / Revised: 17 March 2022 / Accepted: 22 March 2022 / Published: 6 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Frontiers in Adolescent Health and Development)
Background: In recent years a new term in the field of eating behaviors has emerged, namely “orthorexia”. This behavior is associated with significant dietary restrictions and omission of food groups. The aim of the present study is to estimate the possible correlations between orthorexia and eating disorders in young adults and adolescents. Methods: A systematic review of related articles in PubMed, Google Scholar, and PsycInfo was conducted up to 30 June 2021. Results: A total of 37 studies (16,402 subjects) were considered eligible for this systematic review. Significant correlations were observed in most of the studies between orthorexia and eating disorders. However, the majority of studies adopted a cross-sectional design. Conclusions: An association between and eating disorders emerged. Prospective studies seem necessary to investigate associations and succession of orthorexia and eating disorders over time. View Full-Text
Keywords: orthorexia; anorexia; bulimia; eating disorders; mental health; adolescents; young adults orthorexia; anorexia; bulimia; eating disorders; mental health; adolescents; young adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

Skella, P.; Chelmi, M.E.; Panagouli, E.; Garoufi, A.; Psaltopoulou, T.; Mastorakos, G.; Sergentanis, T.N.; Tsitsika, A. Orthorexia and Eating Disorders in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review. Children 2022, 9, 514. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9040514

AMA Style

Skella P, Chelmi ME, Panagouli E, Garoufi A, Psaltopoulou T, Mastorakos G, Sergentanis TN, Tsitsika A. Orthorexia and Eating Disorders in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review. Children. 2022; 9(4):514. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9040514

Chicago/Turabian Style

Skella, Panagiota, Maria E. Chelmi, Eleni Panagouli, Anastasia Garoufi, Theodora Psaltopoulou, George Mastorakos, Theodoros N. Sergentanis, and Artemis Tsitsika. 2022. "Orthorexia and Eating Disorders in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review" Children 9, no. 4: 514. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9040514

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