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Open AccessArticle

Halitosis in Children Undergoing Full Mouth Rehabilitation under General Anesthesia

1
Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Periodontics and Community Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pantelis Perdikaris
Children 2021, 8(2), 149; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020149
Received: 31 January 2021 / Revised: 9 February 2021 / Accepted: 11 February 2021 / Published: 17 February 2021
Interventions and management modalities of pediatric halitosis have been suggested in the literature, however, the effect of full mouth rehabilitation (FMR) under general anesthesia (GA) on pediatric halitosis was not reported. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate parents’ perceptions of their child’s halitosis before and after FMR under GA; and to evaluate the effect of FMR on clinical halitosis. Fifty-seven children between 3–8 years old, scheduled for FMR under GA, were included after satisfying the inclusion criteria and upon parental consent. Parents’ perception of halitosis in their children was evaluated using a standardized questionnaire and a breath sample was collected to assess the level of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) using OralChromaTM before and after FMR under GA. Sixty percent (n = 34) of the parents perceived halitosis in their children before FMR and about 80% (n = 27) of them reported improvement in halitosis after FMR. Clinical halitosis was detected in 84.2% (n = 48) of the sample before treatment. A statistically significant reduction in halitosis was found in 56.3% (n = 27) of the children after treatment (p < 0.001). In conclusion, majority of parents perceived an absence or reduction of halitosis in their children following FMR and significant improvement of clinical halitosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; full mouth rehabilitation; general anesthesia; halitosis; perception children; full mouth rehabilitation; general anesthesia; halitosis; perception
MDPI and ACS Style

AlMadhi, N.A.; Sulimany, A.M.; Alzoman, H.A.; Bawazir, O.A. Halitosis in Children Undergoing Full Mouth Rehabilitation under General Anesthesia. Children 2021, 8, 149. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020149

AMA Style

AlMadhi NA, Sulimany AM, Alzoman HA, Bawazir OA. Halitosis in Children Undergoing Full Mouth Rehabilitation under General Anesthesia. Children. 2021; 8(2):149. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020149

Chicago/Turabian Style

AlMadhi, Noura A.; Sulimany, Ayman M.; Alzoman, Hamad A.; Bawazir, Omar A. 2021. "Halitosis in Children Undergoing Full Mouth Rehabilitation under General Anesthesia" Children 8, no. 2: 149. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8020149

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